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2019年高考英语全国2卷含试卷分析答题技巧详细信息
宜城教育资源网www.ychedu.com2019年高考英语全国2卷含试卷分析答题技巧2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(全国卷Ⅱ)英语注意事项:1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例:Howmuchistheshirt?A.?19.15. B.?9.18. C.?9.15.答案是C。1.Wheredoestheconversationprobablytakeplace?A.Inalibrary.     B.Inabookstore.   C.Inaclassroom.2.Howdoesthewomanfeelnow?A.Relaxed.     B.Excited.    C.Tired.3.Howmuchwillthemanpay?A.$520.      B.$80.     C.$100.4.WhatdoesthemantellJanetodo?A.Postponehisappointment.  B.MeetMr.Douglas.  C.Returnat3o'clock.5.WhywouldDavidquithisjob?A.Togobacktoschool.   B.Tostarthisownfirm.  C.Toworkforhisfriend.第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。6.Whatdoesthemanwantthewomantodo?A.Checkthecupboard.B.Cleanthebalcony.C.Buyanumbrella.7.Whatistheprobablerelationshipbetweenthespeakers?A.Husbandandwife.B.Employerandemployee.C.Shopassistantandcustomer.听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。8.Wheredidthewomangoattheweekend?A.Thecitycentre.B.Theforestpark.C.Theman'shome.9.Howdidthemanspendhisweekend?A.Packingforamove.B.GoingoutwithJenny.C.Lookingforanewhouse.10.Whatwillthewomandofortheman?A.TakeHenrytohospital. B.Staywithhiskid.  C.Lookafterhispet.听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。11.WhatisMr.Stonedoingnow?A.Eatinglunch.   B.Havingameeting.  C.Writingadiary.12.WhydoesthemanwanttoseeMr.Stone?A.Todiscussaprogram. B.Tomakeatravelplan. C.Toaskforsickleave.13.WhenwillthemanmeetMr.Stonethisafternoon?A.At3:00.    B.At3:30.    C.At3:45.听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。14.Whatarethespeakerstalkingabout?A.Acompany.   B.Aninterview.   C.Ajoboffer.15.WhoisMonicaStansfield?A.Ajuniorspecialist.  B.Adepartmentmanager. C.Asalesassistant.16.Whenwillthemanhearfromthewoman?A.OnTuesday.   B.OnWednesday.  C.OnThursday.听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。17.WhatdidJohnenjoydoinginhischildhood?A.TouringFrance.   B.Playingoutdoors.  C.Paintingpictures.18.WhatdidJohndoafterhemovedtotheUS?A.Hedidbusiness.   B.Hestudiedbiology.  C.Heworkedonafarm.19.WhydidJohngohunting?A.Forfood.    B.Forpleasure.   C.Formoney.20.WhatisthesubjectofJohn'sworks?A.Americanbirds.   B.Naturalscenery.  C.Familylife.第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。AMyFavouriteBooksJoUsmarisawriterforCosmopolitanandco-authoroftheThisBookWillseries(系列)oflifestylebooks.Hereshepickshertopreads.MatildaRoaldDahlIoncewroteapaperontheinfluenceoffairytalesonRoaldDahl'swritinganditgavemeanewappreciationforhisstrangeanddelightfulwords.Matilda'sbattleswithhercruelmeparentsandthebossyheadmisres,MissTrunchbull,areequallyfumyandfrightening,butthey'realsoaspirational.AfterDarkHarukiMurakamiIt'sabouttwosisters-Eri,amodelwhoeitherwon'torcan'tstopsleeping,andMari,ayoungstudent.Intryingtoconnecttohersister.Maristartschangingherlifeanddiscoversaworldofdiverse"nightpeople"whoarehidingsecrets.GoneGirlGillianFynnTherewasabitofmethatdidn'twanttolovethiswheneveryoneelseontheplanetdidbutthehorrorstoryisbrilliant.There'stensionandanxietyfromthebeginningasNickandAmybattleforyourtrust.It'sarealwhodunitandthefrustrationwhenyourealisewhat'sgoingonishorriblyenjoyableTheStandStephenKingThisisanexcellentfantasynovelfromoneofthebeststorytellersaround.Afteraseriousfluoutbreakwipesout99.4%oftheworld'spopulation,abattleunfoldsbetweengoodandevilamongthoselet.RandallFlaggisoneofthescariestcharactersever.21.Whodoes"I"refertointhetext?A.StephenKing.   B.GillianFlynn. C.JoUsmar.   D.RoaldDahl22.WhichofthefollowingtellsaboutMariandEri?A.Cosmopolitan.   B.Matilda.  C.AfterDark.   D.TheStand.23.WhatkindofbookisGoneGirl?)A.Afolktale.       B.Abiography.C.Alovestory.       D.Ahorrorstory.B"Youcanusemeasalastresort(选择),andifnobodyelsevolunteers,thenIwilldoit."ThiswasanactualreplyfromaparentafterIputoutarequestforvolunteersformykidslacrosse(长曲棍球)club.Iguessthatthere'sprobablysomedemandingworkschedule,orsocialanxietyaroundsteppinguptohelpforanunknownsport.Shemayjustneedalittlepersuading.SoItryagainandtugattheheartstrings.ImentionthesingleparentwithfourkidsrunningtheshowandItalkaboutthedadcoachingateamthathiskidsaren'tevenon…Atthispointtheunwillingparentspeaksup,"Alright.Yes,I'lldoit."I'msecretlyrelievedbecauseIknowthere'srealpowerinsharingvolunteerresponsibilitiesamongmany.Theunwillingparentorganizesthemealschedule,sendsoutemails,andcollectsmoneyforend-of-seasongifts.Somewherealongtheway,thesameparentendsupbecominganinvaluablememberoftheteam.Thecoachisabletofocusonthekidswhiletheotherparentsarerelievedtobeoffthehookforanotherseason.Handingoutslicedorangestobloodthirstykidscanbeasexcitingaswatchingyourownkidscoreagoal.Still,mostofusvolunteersbreatheasighofreliefwhentheseasoncomestoaclose.Thatreliefiscoupledwithadeepunderstandingofwhythesamepeoplekeepcomingbackformore:Connectingtothecommunity(社区)asyoufreelygiveyourtime,money,skills,orservicesprovidesarealjoy.Volunteeringjustfeelssogood.Inthatsense,I'mprettysurevolunteeringismoreofaselfishactthanI'dfreelyliketoadmit.However,ifothersbenefitintheprocess,andIgetsomerewardtoo,doesitreallymatterwheremymotivationlies?24.Whatcanweinferabouttheparentfromherreplyinparagraphl?A.Sheknowslittleabouttheclub.  B.Sheisn'tgoodatsports.C.Shejustdoesn'twanttovolunteer.  D.She'sunabletomeetherschedule.25.Whatdoestheunderlinedphrase"tugattheheartstrings"inparagraph2mean?A.Encourageteamwork.    B.Appealtofeeling.C.Promotegooddeeds.     D.Provideadvice.26.Whatcanwelearnabouttheparentfromparagraph3?A.Shegetsinterestedinlacrosse.   B.Sheisproudofherkids.C.She'llworkforanotherseason.   D.Shebecomesagoodhelper.27.Whydoestheauthorlikedoingvolunteerwork?A.Itgivesherasenseofduty.B.Itmakesherveryhappy.C.Itenableshertoworkhard.D.Itbringshermaterialrewards.CMarianBechtelsitsatWestPalmBeach'sBarLouiecounterbyherself,quietlyreadinghere-bookasshewaitsforhersalad.Whatisshereading?Noneofyourbusiness!LunchisBechtel's"me"time.AndlikemoreAmericans,she'snotalone.Anewreportfound46percentofmealsareeatenaloneinAmerica.Morethanhalf(53percent)havebreakfastaloneandnearlyhalf(46percent)havelunchbythemselves.Onlyatdinnertimeareweeatingtogetheranymore,74percent,accordingtostatisticsfromthereport."Iprefertogooutandbeout.Alone,buttogether,youknow?"Bechtelsaid,lookingupfromherbook.Bechtel,whoworksindowntownWestPalmBeach,haslunchwithcoworkerssometimes,butlikemanyofus,toooftenworksthroughlunchatherdesk.Alunchtimeescapeallowshertokeepabossfromtappingherontheshoulder.Shereturnstoworkfeelingenergized."Today,Ijustwantedsometimetomyself,"shesaid.justtwoseatsover,AndrewMazoleny,alocalvideographer,isfinishinghislunchatthebar.Helikesthathecansitandcheckhisphoneinpeaceorchatupthebarkeeperwithwhomhe'sonafirst-namebasisifhewantstohavealittleinteraction(交流)."Ireflectonhowmyday'sgoneandthinkabouttherestoftheweek,"hesaid."It'sachanceforself-reflection,Youreturntoworkrechargedandwithaplan."Thatfreedomtochooseisonereasonmorepeopleliketoeatalone.Therewasatimewhenpeoplemayhavefeltawkwardaboutaskingforatableforone,butthosedaysareover.Now,wehaveoursmartphonestokeepuscompanyatthetable."Itdoesn'tfeelasaloneasitmayhavebeforealtheadvancesintechnology,"saidLaurieDemerit,whosecompanyprovidedthestatisticsforthereport.28.Whatarethestatisticsinparagraph2about?A.Foodvariety.      B.Eatinghabits.C.Tablemanners.      D.Restaurantservice.29.WhydoesBechtelprefertogooutforlunch?A.Tomeetwithhercoworkers.    B.Tocatchupwithherwork.C.Tohavesometimeonherown.   D.Tocollectdataforherreport.30.WhatdoweknowaboutMazoleny?A.Hemakesvideosforthebar.    B.He'sfondofthefoodatthebar.C.Heinterviewscustomersatthebar.   D.He'sfamiliarwiththebarkeeper.31.Whatisthetextmainlyabout?A.Thetrendofhavingmealsalone.   B.Theimportanceofself-reflection.C.Thestressfromworkingovertime.   D.Theadvantageofwirelesstechnology.DBacteriaareanannoyingproblemforastronauts.Themicroorganisms(微生物)fromourbodiesgrowuncontrollablyonsurfacesoftheInternationalSpaceStation,soastronautsspendhourscleaningthemupeachweek.HowisNASAovercomingthisverytinybigproblem?It'sturningtoabunchofhighschoolkids.Butnotjustanykids.ItdependingonNASAHUNCHhighschoolclass,liketheonescienceteachersGeneGordonandDonnaHimmelbergleadatFairportHighSchoolinFairport,NewYork.HUNCHisdesignedtoconnecthighschoolclassroomswithNASAengineers.Forthepasttwoyears,Gordon'sstudentshavebeenstudyingwaystokillbacteriainzerogravity,andtheythinkthey'reclosetoasolution(解决方案)."Wedon'tgivethestudentsanybreaks.TheyhavetodoitjustlikeNASAengineers,"saysFlorenceGold,aprojectmanager."Therearenotests,"Gordonsays."Thereisnogradedhomework.Therealmostarenogrades,otherthan'Areyouworkingtowardsyourgoal?'Basically,it's'I'vegottoproducethisproductandthen,attheendofyear,presentittoNASA.'Engineerscomeandreallydoanin-personreview,and…it'snotaverynicethingattime.It'sahardbusinessreviewofyourproduct."GordonsaystheHUNCHprogramhasanimpact(影响)oncollegeadmissionsandpracticallifeskills."ThesekidsaresoabsorbedintheirstudiesthatIjustsitback.Idon'tteach."Andthatannoyingbacteria?GordonsayshisstudentsareemailingdailywithNASAengineersabouttheproblem,readyingaworkablesolutiontotestinspace.32.WhatdoweknowaboutthebacteriaintheInternationalSpaceStation?A.Theyarehardtogetridof. B.Theyleadtoairpollution.C.Theyappeardifferentforms. D.Theydamagetheinstruments.33.WhatisthepurposeoftheHUNCHprogram?A.Tostrengthenteacher-studentrelationships.B.Tosharpenstudents'communicationskills.C.Toallowstudentstoexperiencezerogravity.D.Tolinkspacetechnologywithschooleducation34.WhatdotheNASAengineersdoforthestudentsintheprogram?A.Checktheirproduct.  B.GuideprojectdesignsC.Adjustworkschedules.  D.Gradetheirhomework.35.Whatisthebesttitleforthetext?A.NASA:TheHomeofAstronauts.B.Space:TheFinalHomeworkFrontier.C.Nature:AnOutdoorClassroom.D.HUNCH:ACollegeAdmissionReform.第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Imagineachildstandingonadivingboardfourfeethighandaskinghimselfthequestion:"ShouldIjump?Thisiswhatmotivationorthelackofitcando.Motivationandgoalsettingarethetwosidesofsamecoin.36Likethechildonthedivingboard,youwillstayundecided.37Morethanthat,howshouldyoustaymotivatedtoachievethegoal?First,youneedtoevaluateyourself,yourvaluesyourstrengths,yourweaknesses,yourachievements,yourdesires,etc.Onlythenshouldyouryou'reyourgoalsYoualsoneedtojudgethequalityanddepthofyourmotivation.Thisisquiteimportant,becauseitisdirectlyrelatedtoyourcommitment.Therearetimeswhenyourheartisnotinyourwork.38So,slowdownandthinkwhatyoureallywanttodoatthatmoment.Clarity(清晰)ofthoughtscanhelpyoumoveforward.Anotherwayofsettingrealisticgoalsistoanalyzeyourshortandlongtermobjectives,keepinginmindyourbeliefs,valuesandstrengths.Rememberthatgoalsareflexible.39Theyalsoneedtobemeasurable.Youmustkeepthesepointsinmindwhilesettingyourgoals.Yourpersonalcircumstancesareequallyimportant.Forexample,youmaywanttobeaPilotbutcan'tbecomeonebecauseyoureyesightisnotgoodenough.40Youshouldreassessyourgoals,andmotivateyourselftosetafreshgoal.Youwillsurelyneedtoovercomesomedifficulties,someplanned,butmostunplanned.Youcannotovercomethemwithoutamplemotivation.Makesurethatyouplanforthesedifficultiesatthetimeofsettingyourgoals.A.Thiscanaffectyourwork.B.Sohowshouldyoumotivateyourself?C.However,thisshouldnotdiscourageyou.D.Sowhyshouldwetrytosetspecificgoals?E.Theycanchangeaccordingtocircumstances.F.Motivationiswhatyouneedmosttodoagoodjob.G.Withoutmotivationyoucanneithersetagoalnorreachit第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。It'sabout250milesfromthehillsofwest-centrallowatoEhlers'homeinMinnesota.Duringthelongtriphome,followingaweekendofhunting.Ehlers41aboutthesmalldoghehadseen42alongsidetheroad.Hehad43tocoax(哄)thedogtohimbut,frightened,ithad44.Backhome,Ehlerswastroubledbythat45dog.So,fourdayslater,hecalledhisfriendGreg,andthetwodrove46.Afteralongandcareful47.Gregsaw,acrossafield,thedogmoving48away.Ehlerseventuallysucceededincoaxingtheanimaltohim.Nervousnessandfearwerereplacedwith49.Itjuststartedlicking(舔)Ehlers'face.Alocalfarmertoldthemthedogsoundedlikeone50aslostinthelocalpaper.Theadhada51numberforatowninsouthernMichigan.Ehlers52thenumberofJeffandLisatotellthemhehad53theirdog.Jeffhad54inlowabeforeThanksgivingwithhisdog,Rosie,butthegunshotshadscaredthedogoff.Jeffsearched55forRosieinthenextfourdays.EhlersreturnedtoMinnesotan,andthendrove100milestoMinneapolistoputRosieonaflighttoMichigan."It'sgoodtoknowthere'sstillsomeoneouttherewho56enoughtogotothatkindof57,"saysLisaofEhlers'rescue58.Ifiguredwhoeverlostthedogwasprobablyjustas59toitasIamtomydogs,"saysEhlers."Ifithadbeenmydog,I'dhopethatsomebodywouldbe60togothatextramile."41.A.read    B.forgot   C.thought  D.heard42.A.read    B.trembling  C.eating   D.sleeping43.A.tried    B.agreed   C.promised   D.regretted44.A.calmeddown  B.stoodup   C.rolledover  D.runoff45.A.injured   B.stolen   C.lost    D.rescued46.A.home    B.past    C.back    D.on47.A.preparation   B.explanation  C.test    D.search48.A.cautiously   B.casually  C.skillfully  D.angrily49.A.surprise   B.joy    C.hesitation   D.anxiety50.A.predicted   B.advertised   C.believed   D.recorded51.A.house    B.phone   C.street    D.car52.A.called    B.copied   C.counted   D.remembered53.A.fed    B.adopted   C.found   D.cured54.A.hunted    B.skied    C.lived    D.worked55.A.onpurpose   B.ontime   C.inturn   D.invain56.A.cares    B.sees    C.suffers   D.learns57.A.place    B.trouble    C.waste    D.extreme58.A.service   B.plan    C.effort    D.team59.A.equal    B.allergic   C.grateful   D.close60.A.suitable   B.proud   C.wise    D.wiling第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。A90-year-oldhasbeenawarded"WomanOfTheYear"for61(be)Britain'soldestfull-timeemployee-stillworking40hoursaweek.NowIreneAstburyworksfrom9amto5pmdailyatthepetshopinMacclesfield,62sheopenedwithherlatehusbandLes.Heryearsofhardworkhave63(final)beenacknowledgedafteracustomernominated(提名)hertobeCheshire'sWomanOfTheYear.Pickingupher"LifetimeAchievement"award,proudIrene64(declare)shehadnoplans65(retire)fromher36-year-oldbusiness.Irenesaid,"Idon'tseeanyreasontogiveupwork.IlovecominghereandseeingmyfamilyandallthefriendsI66(make)overtheyears.IworknotbecauseIhaveto,67becauseIwantto."GranddaughterGayleParks,31-whoworksalongsideherinthefamilybusiness-saiditremainedunknownastowhonominatedIrenefortheaward.Shesaid,"Wedon'thaveanyideawhoputgrandmaforward.Whenwegotacall68(say)shewasshort-listed,wethoughtitwas69joke.Butthenwegotanofficialletterandwewereblownaway.Wearesoproudofher.It's70(wonder)."第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。SinceIwasakid,I`veconsidereddifferentjobIwouldliketodo.First,Iwantedtobeafireman,whoseuniformlookedsocoolly.Then,whenIwasinthefivegrade,IwantedtobeateacherbecauseIlikedmyEnglishteachertoomuch.WhenIstudiedchemistryhighschool,Ireconsideredmggoalordecidedtobeadoctor.Theyweretworeasonsforthedecision.OnewasthatIwasamazingatthefactthatasickpersoncouldfeelmuchmorebetterafterseeingadoctor.AndtheotheristhatIwantedtohelppeopleinneed.第二节书面表达(满分25分)假定你是校排球队队长李华。请写封邮件告知你的队友Chris球队近期将参加比赛,内容包括:1.比赛信息;2.赛前准备;3.表达期待。注意:1.词数100左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。【参考答案】第一部分听力1-5BCBAC6-10CABAC11-15BACCB16-20ACABA第二部分阅读理解21-25CCDCB26-30DBBCD31-35AADAB36-40GBAEC第三部分语言知识运用第一节41-45CBADC46-50CDABB51-55BACAD56-60ABCDD第二节61.being62.which63.finally64.declared65.toretire66.havemade67.but68.saying69.a70.wonderful第四部分写作第一节短文改错第二节书面表达略XkB1.com 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2019年高考英语全国2卷含试卷分析答题技巧
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2019年高考英语全国2卷含试卷分析答题技巧

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