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2019年高考英语全国1卷含试卷分析答题技巧详细信息
宜城教育资源网www.ychedu.com2019年高考英语全国1卷含试卷分析答题技巧2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(全国卷I)英语注意事项:1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例:Howmuchistheshirt?A.?19.15. B.?9.18. C.?9.15.答案是C。1.Wheredoesthisconversationtakeplace?A.Inaclassroom.   B.Inahospital.    C.Inamuseum.2.WhatdoesJackwanttodo?A.Takefitnessclasses.B.Buyapairofgymshoes.C.Changehisworkschedule.3.Whatarethespeakerstalkingabout?A.Whattodrink.   B.Wheretomeet.    C.Whentoleave.4.Whatistherelationshipbetweenthespeakers?A.Colleges.    B.Classmates.     C.Strangers.5.WhyisEmilymentionedintheconversation?A.Shemightwantaticket.B.Sheislookingfortheman.C.Shehasanextraticket.第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。6.HowlongdidJamesrunhisbusiness?A.10years.    B.13years.    C.15years.7.HowdoesthewomanfeelaboutJames'situation?A.Embarrassed.   B.Concerned.    C.Disappointed.听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。8.WhathasKate'smotherdecidedtodo?A.Returntoschool.  B.Changeherjob.   C.Retirefromwork.9.WhatdidKate'smotherstudyatcollege?A.Oilpainting.   B.Arthistory.    C.Businessadministration.10.WhatisKate'sattitudetowardhermother'sdecision?A.Disapproving.   B.Ambiguous.   C.Understanding.听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。11.Whatisthemandoing?A.Chairingameeting.B.Hostingaradioprogram.C.Conductingajobinterview.12.WhatbenefitsMarymostinherjob?A.Herwidereading.  B.Herleaders'guidance. C.Herfriends'help13.WhowillMarytalkaboutnext?A.Herteacher.   B.Herfather    C.Hermother.听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。14.Whydoesthemanseldomdoexercise?A.Helacksmotivation.  B.Hehasaheartproblem.C.Heworksallthetime.15.WhatdoesJacobSattelmairprobablydo?A.He'sanathlete. B.He'saresearcher. C.He'sajournalist.16.Whydoesthewomanspeakofastudy?A.Toencouragetheman.B.Torecommendanexercise.C.Tosupportherfindings.17.Howmuchtimewillthemanprobablyspendexercisingweekly?A.300minutes. B.150minute. C.75minutes.听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。a18.Whatdidthescientistsdototheroad?A.Theyrepairedit. B.Theypaintedit. C.Theyblockedit19.Whyareyoungbirdsdrawntotheroadsurface?A.It'swarm. B.It'sbrown. C.It'ssmooth.20.Whatisthepurposeofthescientists'experiment?A.Tokeepthebirdsthereforawholeyear.B.Tohelpstudentsstudythebirdswell.C.Topreventthebirdsfrombeingkilled.第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。ANeedaJobThisSummer?Theprovincialgovernmentanditspartnersoffermanyprogramstohelpstudentsfindsummerjobs.Thedeadlinesandwhatyouneedtoapplydependontheprogram.Notastudent?Gotothegovernmentwebsitetolearnaboutprogramsandonlinetoolsavailabletohelppeopleunder30buildskills,findajoborstartbusinessesallyearround.JobsforYouthIfyouareateenagerlivingincertainpartsoftheprovince,youcouldbeeligible(符合条件)forthisprogram.Whichprovideseightweeksofpaidemploymentalongwithtraining.Whoiseligible:Youth15-18yearsoldinselectcommunities(社区).SummerCompanySummerCompanyprovidesstudentswithhands-onbusinesstrainingandawardsofupto$3,000tostartandruntheirownsummerbusinesses.Whoiseligible:Studentsaged15-29,returningtoschoolinthefall.StewardshipYouthRangerProgramYoucouldapplytobeaStewardshipYouthRangerandworkonlocalnaturalresourcemanagementprojectsforeightweeksthissummer.Whoiseligible:Studentsaged16or17attimeofhire,butnotturning18beforeDecember31thisyear.SummerEmploymentOpportunities(机会)ThroughtheSummerEmploymentOpportunitiesprogram,studentsarehiredeachyearinavarietyofsummerpositionsacrosstheProvincialPublicService,itsrelatedagenciesandcommunitygroups.Whoiseligible:Studentsaged15orolder.Somepositionsrequirestudentstobe15to24orupto29forpersonswithadisability.21.WhatisspecialaboutSummerCompany?A.Itrequiresnotrainingbeforeemployment.B.Itprovidesawardsforrunningnewbusinesses.C.Itallowsonetoworkinthenaturalenvironment.D.Itoffersmoresummerjobopportunities.22.WhatistheagerangerequiredbyStewardshipYouthRangerProgram?A.15-18.B.15-24.C.15-29.D.16-17.23.Whichprogramfavorsthedisabled?A.JobsforYouth.     B.SummerCompany.C.StewardshipYouthRangerProgram. D.SummerEmploymentOpportunities.BForCanaanElementary'ssecondgradeinPatchogue,N.Y.,todayisspeechday,andrightnowit'sChrisPalaez'sturn.The8-year-oldisthejokeroftheclass.Withshiningdarkeyes,heseemsliketheofkidwhowouldenjoypublicspeaking.Buthe's,nervous."I'mheretotellyoutodaywhyyoushould…should…"Christripsonthe"-ld,"a.pronunciationdifficultyformanynon-nativeEnglishspeakers.Histeacher,ThomasWhaley,isnexttohim,whisperingsupport."…Votefor…me…"Exceptforsomestumbles,Chrisisdoingamazinglywell.Whenhebringshisspeechtoaniceconclusion,Whaleyinvitestherestoftheclasstopraisehim.Asonofimmigrants,ChrisstaredlearningEnglishalittleoverthreeyearsago.Whaleyrecalls(回想起)howatthebeginningoftheyear,whencalledupontoread,Chriswouldexcusehimselftogotothebathroom.LearningEnglishasasecondlanguagecanbeapainfulexperience.Whatyouneedisagreatteacherwholetsyoumakemistakes."Ittakesalotforanystudent,"Whaleyexplains,"especiallyforastudentwhoislearningEnglishastheirnewlanguage,tofeelconfidentenoughtosay,'Idon'tknow,butIwanttoknow.'"Whaleygottheideaofthissecond-gradepresidentialcampaignprojectwhenheaskedthechildrenonedaytoraisetheirhandsiftheythoughttheycouldneverbeapresident.Theanswerbrokehisheart.Whaleysaystheprojectisaboutmorethanjustlearningtoreadandspeakinpublic.Hewantsthesekidstolearntoboast(夸耀)aboutthemselves."Boastingaboutyourself,andyourbestqualities,"Whaleysays,"isverydifficultforachildwhocameintotheclassroomnotfeelingconfident."24.WhatmadeChrisnervous?A.Tellingastory.      B.Makingaspeech.C.Takingatest.       D.Answeringaquestion.25.Whatdoestheunderlinedword"stumbles"inparagraph2referto?A.Improperpauses.      B.Badmanners.C.Spellingmistakes.      D.Sillyjokes.26.WecaninferthatthepurposeofWhaley'sprojectisto_________.A.helpstudentsseetheirownstrengths B.assessstudents'publicspeakingskillsC.preparestudentsfortheirfuturejobsD.inspirestudents'loveforpolitics27.WhichofthefollowingbestdescribesWhaleyasateacher?A.Humorous.  B.Ambitious.   C.Caring.   D.Demanding.CAsdataandidentitytheftbecomesmoreandmorecommon,themarketisgrowingforbiometric(生物测量)technologies-likefingerprintscans-tokeepothersoutofprivatee-spaces.Atpresent,thesetechnologiesarestillexpensive,though.ResearchersfromGeorgiaTechsaythattheyhavecomeupwithalow-costdevice(装置)thatgetsaroundthisproblem:asmartkeyboard.Thissmartkeyboardpreciselymeasuresthecadence(节奏)withwhichonetypesandthepressurefingersapplytoeachkey.Thekeyboardcouldofferastronglayerofsecuritybyanalyzingthingsliketheforceofauser'stypingandthetimebetweenkeypresses.Thesepatternsareuniquetoeachperson.Thus,thekeyboardcandeterminepeople'sidentities,andbyextension,whethertheyshouldbegivenaccesstothecomputerit'sconnectedto-regardlessofwhethersomeonegetsthepasswordright.Italsodoesn'trequireanewtypeoftechnologythatpeoplearen'talreadyfamiliarwith.Everybodyusesakeyboardandeverybodytypesdifferently.Inastudydescribingthetechnology,theresearchershad100volunteerstypetheword"touch"fourtimesusingthesmartkeyboard.Datacollectedfromthedevicecouldbeusedtorecognizedifferentparticipantsbasedonhowtheytyped,withverylowerrorrates.Theresearcherssaythatthekeyboardshouldbeprettystraightforwardtocommercializeandismostlymadeofinexpensive,plastic-likeparts.Theteamhopestomakeittomarketinthenearfuture.28.Whydotheresearchersdevelopthesmartkeyboard?A.Toreducepressureonkeys.  B.ToimproveaccuracyintypingC.Toreplacethepasswordsystem.  D.Tocutthecostofe-spaceprotection.29.Whatmakestheinventionofthesmartkeyboardpossible?A.Computersaremucheasiertooperate.B.Fingerprintscanningtechniquesdevelopfast.C.Typingpatternsvaryfrompersontoperson.D.Datasecuritymeasuresareguaranteed.30.Whatdotheresearchersexpectofthesmartkeyboard?all1osoisgitieocooll.A.It'llbeenvironment-friendly.  B.It'llreachconsumerssoon.C.It'llbemadeofplastics.  D.It'llhelpspeeduptyping.31.Whereisthistextmostlikelyfrom?A.Adiary. B.Aguidebook  C.Anovel.  D.Amagazine.DDuringtherosyyearsofelementaryschool(小学),Ienjoyedsharingmydollsandjokes,whichallowedmetokeepmyhighsocialstatus.Iwasthequeenoftheplayground.Thencamemytweensandteens,andmeangirlsandcoolkids.Theyroseintheranksnotbybeingfriendlybutbysmokingcigarettes,breakingrulesandplayingjokesonothers,amongwhomIsoonfoundmyself.Popularityisawell-exploredsubjectinsocialpsychology.MitchPrinstein,aprofessorofclinicalpsychologysortsthepopularintotwocategories:thelikableandthestatusseekers.Thelikables'plays-well-with-othersqualitiesstrengthenschoolyardfriendships,jump-startinterpersonalskillsand,whentappedearly,areemployedeverafterinlifeandwork.Thenthere'sthekindofpopularitythatappearsinadolescence:statusbornofpowerandevendishonorablebehavior.Enviableasthecoolkidsmayhaveseemed,Dr.Prinstein'sstudiesshowunpleasantconsequences.Thosewhowerehighestinstatusinhighschool,aswellasthoseleastlikedinelementaryschool,are"mostlikelytoengage(从事)indangerousandriskybehavior."Inonestudy,Dr.Prinsteinexaminedthetwotypesofpopularityin235adolescents,scoringtheleastliked,themostlikedandthehighestinstatusbasedonstudentsurveys(调查研究)."Wefoundthattheleastwell-likedteenshadbecomemoreaggressiveovertimetowardtheirclassmates.Butsohadthosewhowerehighinstatus.Itclearlyshowedthatwhilelikabilitycanleadtohealthyadjustment,highstatushasjusttheoppositeeffectonus."Dr.Prinsteinhasalsofoundthatthequalitiesthatmadetheneighborswantyouonaplaydate-sharing,kindness,openness-carryovertolateryearsandmakeyoubetterabletorelateandconnectwithothers.Inanalyzinghisandotherresearch,Dr.Prinsteincametoanotherconclusion:Notonlyislikabilityrelatedtopositivelifeoutcomes,butitisalsoresponsibleforthoseoutcomes,too."Beinglikedcreatesopportunitiesforlearningandfornewkindsoflifeexperiencesthathelpsomebodygainanadvantage,"hesaid.32.Whatsortofgirlwastheauthorinherearlyyearsofelementaryschool?A.Unkind.  B.Lonely.   C.Generous.   D.Cool.33.Whatisthesecondparagraphmainlyabout?A.Theclassificationofthepopular.   B.Thecharacteristicsofadolescents.C.Theimportanceofinterpersonalskills . D.Thecausesofdishonorablebehavior.34.WhatdidDr.Prinstein'sstudyfindaboutthemostlikedkids?A.Theyappearedtobeaggressive.   B.Theytendedtobemoreadaptable.C.Theyenjoyedthehigheststatus.   D.Theyperformedwellacademically.35.Whatisthebesttitleforthetext?A.BeNice-YouWon'tFinishLast  B.TheHighertheStatus,theBeerC.BetheBest-YouCanMakeIt   D.MoreSelf-Control,LessAggressiveness第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。IsFreshAirReallyGoodforYou?Weallgrewuphearingpeopletellusto"gooutandgetsomefreshair."36Accordingtorecentstudies,theanswerisabigYES,iftheairqualityinyourcampingareaisgood.37Iftheairyou'rebreathingisclean-whichitwouldbeifyou'reawayfromthesmogofcities-thentheairisfilledwithlife-giving,energizingoxygen.Ifyouexerciseoutofdoors,yourbodywilllearntobreathemoredeeply,allowingevenmoreoxygentogettoyourmuscles(肌肉)andyourbrain.Recently,peoplehavebegunstudyingtheconnectionbetweenthenaturalworldandhealing(治愈).38Intheseplacespatientscangotobenearnatureduringtheirrecovery.Itturnsoutthatjustlookingatgreen,growingthingscanreducestress,lowerbloodpressure,andputpeopleintoabettermood(情绪).Greeneryisgoodforus.HospitalpatientsWhoseetreebranchesouttheirwindowarelikelytorecoveratafasterratethanpatientswhoseebuildingsorskyinstead.39Itgivesusagreatfeelingofpeace.40Whilethesun'srayscanageandharmourskin,theyalsogiveisbeneficialVitaminD.TomakesureyougetenoughVitaminD-butstillprotectyourskin-putonsunscreenrightasyouheadoutside.Ittakessunscreenaboutfifteenminutestostartworking,andthat'splentyoftimeforyourskintoabsorbaday'sworthofVitaminD.A.Freshaircleansourlungs.B.Sowhatareyouwaitingfor?C.Beinginnaturerefreshesus.D.Anothersidebenefitofgettingfreshairissunlight.E.Butisfreshairreallyasgoodforyouasyourmotheralwayssaid?F.Justasimportantly,wetendtoassociateairwithhealthcare.G.Allacrossthecountry,recoverycentershavebegunbuildingHealingGardens.第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。Everyyearabout40,000peopleattempttoclimbKilimanjaro,thehighestmountaininAfrica.They41withthemlotsofwaste.The42mightdamagethebeautyoftheplace.Theglaciers(冰川)aredisappearing,changingthe43ofKilimanjaro.Hearingthesestories,I'm44abouttheplace-otherdestinationsaredescribedas"purer"naturalexperiences.However,Isoon45thatmuchhaschangedsincethedaysofdisturbingreportsof46amongtonsofrubbish.Ifinda47mountain,withtoiletsatcampsandalongthepaths.Theenvironmentalchallengesare48buttheeffortsmadebytheTanzaniaNationalParkAuthorityseemtobe49.ThebestofaKilimanjaro50,inmyopinion,isn'treachingthetop.Mountainsare51asspiritualplacesbymanycultures.This52isespeciallyevidentonKilimanjaroas53gothroughfiveecosystems(生态系统)inthespaceofafewkilometers.Atthebaseisarainforest.Itendsabruptlyat3,000meters,54landsoflowgrowingplants.Furtherup,theweather55-lowcloudsenvelopethemountainsides,whicharecoveredwiththickgrass.I56twelveshadesofgreenfromwhereIstand.Above4,000metersisthehighland57:gravel(砾石),stonesandrocks.58youclimbintoanarctic-likezonewith59snowandtheglaciersthatmaysoondisappear.DoesKilimanjaro60itsreputationasacrowdedmountainwithlinesoftouristsruiningtheatmosphereofpeace?Ifoundtheoppositetobetrue.41.A.keep   B.mix    C.connect   D.bring42.A.stories   B.buildings   C.crowds   D.reporters43.A.position   B.age    C.face    D.name44.A.silent   B.skeptical   C.serious   D.crazy45.A.discover  B.argue    C.decide   D.advocate46.A.equipment  B.grass    C.camps   D.stones47.A.remote  B.quiet    C.all    D.clean48.A.new   B.special   C.significant   D.necessary49.A.payingoff  B.spreadingout  C.blowingup  D.fadingaway50.A.atmosphere  B.experience   C.experiment  D.sight51.A.studied  B.observed   C.explored   D.regarded52.A.view   B.quality   C.reason    D.purpose53.A.scientists  B.climbers   C.locals    D.officials54.A.holdingonto B.goingbackto  C.livingupto  D.givingwayto55.A.changes  B.clears    C.improves   D.permits56.A.match   B.imagine   C.count    D.add57.A.village   B.desert   C.road    D.lake58.A.Obviously  B.Easily   C.Consequently  D.Finally59.A.permanent  B.little    C.fresh    D.artificial60.A.enjoy   B.deserve   C.save    D.acquire第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。ThepolarbearisfoundintheArcticCircleandsomebiglandmassesasfarsouthasNewfoundland.Whiletheyarerarenorthof88°,thereisevidence61theyrangeallthewayacrosstheArctic,andasfarsouthasJamesBayinCanada.Itisdifficulttofigureoutaglobalpopulationofpolarbearsasmuchoftherangehasbeen62(poor)studied;however,biologistscalculatethatthereareabout20,000-25,000polarbearsworldwide.Modemmethods63trackingpolarbearpopulationshavebeenemployedonlysincethemid-1980s,andareexpensive64(perform)consistentlyoveralargearea.InrecentyearssomeInuitpeopleinNunayut65(report)increasesinbearsightingsaroundhumansettlements,leadingtoa66(believe)thatpopulationsareincreasing.Scientistshaverespondedby67(note)thathungrybearsmaybecongregating(聚集)aroundhumansettlements,leadingtotheillusion(错觉)thatpopulationsare68(high)thantheyactuallyare.Of69nineteenrecognizedpolarbearsubpopulations,threearedeclining,six70(be)stable,oneisincreasing,andninelackenoughdata.第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。Ibecameinterestinginplayingfootballthankstoasmallaccident.OneafternoonwhereIwasinprimaryschool,Iwaswalkingbytheschoolplayground.Suddenlyfootballfeeljustinfrontofmebutalmosthitme.Istoppedtheballandkickedithardlybacktotheplayground.Toeveryone`ssurprising,theballwentintothenet.Allthefootballplayerontheplaygroundcheeredloudly,saythatIhadatalentforfootball.Fromnowon,Istartedtoplaymyfootballwithclassmatesafterschool.Iamagoodplayernow.第二节书面表达(满分25分)假定你是李华,暑假在伦敦学习,得知当地美术馆要剧版中国画展。请写一封信申请做志愿者,内容包括:1.写信目的:2.个人优势:3.能做的事情。注意:1.词数100左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3.结束语已为你写好。【参考答案】第一部分听力1.B    2.A    3.B    4.C    5.A6.C    7.B    8.A    9.C    10.C11.B   12.A   13.C   14.A   15.B16.A   17.C   18.B   19.A   20.C第二部分阅读理解21.B   22.D   23.D   24.B   25.A26.A   27.C   28.D   29.C   30.B31.D   32.C   33.A   34.B   35.A36.E   37.A   38.G   39.C   40.D第三部分语言知识运用41.D   42.C   43.C   44.B   45.A46.C   47.D   48.C   49.A   50.B51.D   52.A   53.B   54.D   55.A56.C   57.B   58.D   59.A   60.B61.that   62.poorly  63.of/for 64.toperform 65.havereport66.belief  67.noting  68.higher 69.the   70.are第四部分写作第一节Ibecameinplayingfootballthankstoasmallaccident.OneafternoonIwasinprimaryschool,Iwaswalkingbytheschoolplayground.Suddenlyfootballfelljustinfrontofmealmosthitme.Istoppedtheballandkickeditbacktotheplayground.Toeveryone's,theballwentintothenet.Allthefootballontheplaygroundcheeredloudly,thatIhadatalentforfootball.Fromon,Istartedtoplayfootballwithclassmatesafterschool.Iamagoodplayernow.第二节(略)XkB1.com 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2019年高考英语全国1卷含试卷分析答题技巧
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2019年高考英语全国1卷含试卷分析答题技巧

常见介词用法-介词短语做什么成分-介词短语的构成

助动词的分类和用法-基本助动词有哪些-助动词do和

过去完成进行时用法-过去完成进行时与过去完成时比

动名词用法-动名词的结构和形式-动名词与现在分词
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