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全国Ⅰ卷2019年普通高等学校全国统一考试英语试题含试卷分析答题技巧详细信息
宜城教育资源网www.ychedu.com全国Ⅰ卷2019年普通高等学校全国统一考试英语试题含试卷分析答题技巧2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(全国卷I)英语注意事项:1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例:Howmuchistheshirt?A.?19.15.B.?9.18.C.?9.15.答案是C。1.Wheredoesthisconversationtakeplace?A.Inaclassroom. B.Inahospital. C.Inamuseum.【答案】B【解析】【详解】此为听力题,解析略。2.WhatdoesJackwanttodo?A.Takefitnessclasses.B.Buyapairofgymshoes.C.Changehisworkschedule.【答案】A【解析】【详解】此为听力题,解析略。3.Whatarethespeakerstalkingabout?A.Whattodrink. B.Wheretomeet. C.Whentoleave.【答案】B【解析】【详解】此为听力题,解析略。4.Whatistherelationshipbetweenthespeakers?A.Colleges. B.Classmates. C.Strangers.【答案】C【解析】【详解】此为听力题,解析略。5.WhyisEmilymentionedintheconversation?A.Shemightwantaticket.B.Sheislookingfortheman.C.Shehasanextraticket.【答案】A【解析】【详解】此为听力题,解析略。第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。6.HowlongdidJamesrunhisbusiness?A.10years. B.13years. C.15years.7.HowdoesthewomanfeelaboutJames'situation?A.Embarrassed. B.Concerned. C.Disappointed.【答案】6.C7.B【解析】此为听力题,解析略。【6题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【7题详解】此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。8.WhathasKate'smotherdecidedtodo?A.Returntoschool. B.Changeherjob. C.Retirefromwork.9.WhatdidKate'smotherstudyatcollege?A.Oilpainting. B.Arthistory. C.Businessadministration.10.WhatisKate'sattitudetowardhermother'sdecision?A.Disapproving. B.Ambiguous. C.Understanding.【答案】8.A9.C10.C【解析】此为听力题,解析略。【8题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【9题详解】此听力题,解析略。【10题详解】此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。11.Whatisthemandoing?A.Chairingameeting.B.Hostingaradioprogram.C.Conductingajobinterview.12.WhatbenefitsMarymostinherjob?A.Herwidereading. B.Herleaders'guidance. C.Herfriends'help13.WhowillMarytalkaboutnext?A.Herteacher. B.Herfather C.Hermother.【答案】11.B12.A13.C【解析】此为听力题,解析略。【11题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【12题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【13题详解】此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。14.Whydoesthemanseldomdoexercise?A.Helacksmotivation.B.Hehasaheartproblem.C.Heworksallthetime.15.WhatdoesJacobSattelmairprobablydo?A.He'sanathlete. B.He'saresearcher. C.He'sajournalist.16.Whydoesthewomanspeakofastudy?A.Toencouragetheman.B.Torecommendanexercise.C.Tosupportherfindings.17.Howmuchtimewillthemanprobablyspendexercisingweekly?A.300minutes. B.150minute. C.75minutes.【答案】14.A15.B16.A17.C【解析】此为听力题,解析略。【14题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【15题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【16题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【17题详解】此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。18.Whatdidthescientistsdototheroad?A.Theyrepairedit. B.Theypaintedit. C.Theyblockedit19.Whyareyoungbirdsdrawntotheroadsurface?A.It'swarm. B.It'sbrown. C.It'ssmooth.20.Whatisthepurposeofthescientists'experiment?A.Tokeepthebirdsthereforawholeyear.B.Tohelpstudentsstudythebirdswell.C.Topreventthebirdsfrombeingkilled.【答案】18.B19.A20.C【解析】此为听力题,解析略。【18题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【19题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【20题详解】此为听力题,解析略。第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。ANeedaJobThisSummer?Theprovincialgovernmentanditspartnersoffermanyprogramstohelpstudentsfindsummerjobs.Thedeadlinesandwhatyouneedtoapplydependontheprogram.Notastudent?Gotothegovernmentwebsitetolearnaboutprogramsandonlinetoolsavailabletohelppeopleunder30buildskills,findajoborstartbusinessesallyearround.JobsforYouthIfyouareateenagerlivingincertainpartsoftheprovince,youcouldbeeligible(符合条件)forthisprogram.Whichprovideseightweeksofpaidemploymentalongwithtraining.Whoiseligible:Youth15-18yearsoldinselectcommunities(社区).SummerCompanySummerCompanyprovidesstudentswithhands-onbusinesstrainingandawardsofupto$3,000tostartandruntheirownsummerbusinesses.Whoiseligible:Studentsaged15-29,returningtoschoolinthefall.StewardshipYouthRangerProgramYoucouldapplytobeaStewardshipYouthRangerandworkonlocalnaturalresourcemanagementprojectsforeightweeksthissummer.Whoiseligible:Studentsaged16or17attimeofhire,butnotturning18beforeDecember31thisyear.SummerEmploymentOpportunities(机会)ThroughtheSummerEmploymentOpportunitiesprogram,studentsarehiredeachyearinavarietyofsummerpositionsacrosstheProvincialPublicService,itsrelatedagenciesandcommunitygroups.Whoiseligible:Studentsaged15orolder.Somepositionsrequirestudentstobe15to24orupto29forpersonswithadisability.21.WhatisspecialaboutSummerCompany?A.Itrequiresnotrainingbeforeemployment.B.Itprovidesawardsforrunningnewbusinesses.C.Itallowsonetoworkinthenaturalenvironment.D.Itoffersmoresummerjobopportunities.22.WhatistheagerangerequiredbyStewardshipYouthRangerProgram?A.15-18. B.15-24. C.15-29. D.16-17.23.Whichprogramfavorsthedisabled?A.JobsforYouth. B.SummerCompany.C.StewardshipYouthRangerProgram. D.SummerEmploymentOpportunities.【答案】21.B22.D23.D【解析】本文为应用文。本文叙述了省政府及其合作伙伴提供了许多项目来帮助学生暑期在找到工作。【21题详解】细节理解题。根据SummerCompany部分中的"SummerCompanyprovidesstudentswith...awardsofupto$3,000tostartandruntheirownsummerbusinesses"可知"SummerCompany为学生提供高达3000美元的奖励,来开始和经营他们自己的暑期业务"。"startandruntheirownsummerbusinesses"即"为开办新的业务",这对应B项中的"runnnewbusinesses",二者是词义之间的转述关系。故选B。【22题详解】细节理解题。根据StewardshipYouthRangerProgram部分中的第二段"Whoiseligible:Studentsaged16or17attimeofhire,butnotturning18beforeDecember31thisyear."可知"符合条件的学生:16岁或17岁的学生,但在今年12月31日之前未满18岁"。由此得出,这个项目要求年龄在16-17岁之间。分析选项可知D项符合题意,故选D。【23题详解】细节理解题。根据SummerEmploymentOpportunities部分中的最后一段最后一句"Whoiseligible:...Somepositionsrequirestudentstobe15to24orupto29forpersonswithadisability",可知SummerEmploymentOpportunities有些职位是给残疾人的。分析选项可知,D项符合题意,故选D。BForCanaanElementary'ssecondgradeinPatchogue,N.Y.,todayisspeechday,andrightnowit'sChrisPalaez'sturn.The8-year-oldisthejokeroftheclass.Withshiningdarkeyes,heseemsliketheofkidwhowouldenjoypublicspeaking.Buthe's,nervous."I'mheretotellyoutodaywhyyoushould…should…"Christripsonthe"-ld,"a.pronunciationdifficultyformanynon-nativeEnglishspeakers.Histeacher,ThomasWhaley,isnexttohim,whisperingsupport."…Votefor…me…"Exceptforsomestumbles,Chrisisdoingamazinglywell.Whenhebringshisspeechtoaniceconclusion,Whaleyinvitestherestoftheclasstopraisehim.Asonofimmigrants,ChrisstaredlearningEnglishalittleoverthreeyearsago.Whaleyrecalls(回想起)howatthebeginningoftheyear,whencalledupontoread,Chriswouldexcusehimselftogotothebathroom.LearningEnglishasasecondlanguagecanbeapainfulexperience.Whatyouneedisagreatteacherwholetsyoumakemistakes."Ittakesalotforanystudent,"Whaleyexplains,"especiallyforastudentwhoislearningEnglishastheirnewlanguage,tofeelconfidentenoughtosay,'Idon'tknow,butIwanttoknow.'"Whaleygottheideaofthissecond-gradepresidentialcampaignprojectwhenheaskedthechildrenonedaytoraisetheirhandsiftheythoughttheycouldneverbeapresident.Theanswerbrokehisheart.Whaleysaystheprojectisaboutmorethanjustlearningtoreadandspeakinpublic.Hewantsthesekidstolearntoboast(夸耀)aboutthemselves."Boastingaboutyourself,andyourbestqualities,"Whaleysays,"isverydifficultforachildwhocameintotheclassroomnotfeelingconfident."24.WhatmadeChrisnervous?A.Tellingastory. B.Makingaspeech.C.Takingatest. D.Answeringaquestion.25.Whatdoestheunderlinedword"stumbles"inparagraph2referto?A.Improperpauses. B.Badmanners. C.Spellingmistakes. D.Sillyjokes.26.WecaninferthatthepurposeofWhaley'sprojectisto_________.A.helpstudentsseetheirownstrengthsB.assessstudents'publicspeakingskillsC.preparestudentsfortheirfuturejobsD.inspirestudents'loveforpolitics27.WhichofthefollowingbestdescribesWhaleyasateacher?A.Humorous. B.Ambitious. C.Caring. D.Demanding.【答案】24.B25.A26.A27.C【解析】本文属于记叙文,讲述ThomasWhaley为了帮助学生学英语以及树立信心专门开展了一个演讲课程。【24题详解】细节理解题。根据第一段todayisspeechday和本段最后一句withshiningdarkeyes,heseemslikethekindofkidswhowouldenjoypublicspeaking.以及第二段第一句Buthe'snervous.可知,Chris眼睛黑亮,似乎是那种喜欢公共演讲的孩子,但是他却很紧张,故可知Chris是因为做演讲紧张,故选B。【25题详解】词义猜测题。根据第二段"I'mheretotellyoutodaywhyyoushould…should…"Christripsonthe"-ld",apronunciationdifficultyformanynon-nativeEnglishspeakers.以及后文exceptforsomestumbles,Chrisisdoingamazinglywell可知,Chris发ld比较困难,这对于英语不是母语的学习者来说都是一个困难,总体来说Chris做得出奇的好。根据前文可知,ld发音不准,因此有些结巴,停顿得不准,故选A。【26题详解】推理判断题。根据倒数第二段Whaleysaystheprojectisaboutmorethanjustlearningtoreadandspeakinpublic.Hewantsthesekidstolearntoboastaboutthemselves.以及最后一段"boastingaboutyourself,andyourbestqualities,"Whaleysays,"isverydifficultforachildwhocameintotheclassroomnotfeelingconfident."可知,这个课程不仅仅教孩子阅读以及公共演讲,还要让孩子学会夸耀自己,而夸耀自己对于那些进入教室没有信心的学生来说很困难,故可知,Whaley老师这么做是为了帮助学生认识自己的优势增加信心,故选A。【27题详解】推理判断题。根据倒数第二段Whaleygottheideaofthissecond-gradepresidentialcampaignprojectwhenheaskedthechildrenonedaytoraisetheirhandsiftheythoughttheycouldneverbeapresident.和最后一段Hewantsthesekidstolearntoboastaboutthemselves可知,当他有一天问学生认为自己当不了总统请举手的时候,想到了一个想法,这个课程就是帮助学生树立自己的信心,故可以看出这位老师很关心学生的成长。humorous幽默的,ambitious有雄心壮志的;caring关心的;demanding要求高的。故选C。CAsdataandidentitytheftbecomesmoreandmorecommon,themarketisgrowingforbiometric(生物测量)technologies-likefingerprintscans-tokeepothersoutofprivatee-spaces.Atpresent,thesetechnologiesarestillexpensive,though.ResearchersfromGeorgiaTechsaythattheyhavecomeupwithalow-costdevice(装置)thatgetsaroundthisproblem:asmartkeyboard.Thissmartkeyboardpreciselymeasuresthecadence(节奏)withwhichonetypesandthepressurefingersapplytoeachkey.Thekeyboardcouldofferastronglayerofsecuritybyanalyzingthingsliketheforceofauser'stypingandthetimebetweenkeypresses.Thesepatternsareuniquetoeachperson.Thus,thekeyboardcandeterminepeople'sidentities,andbyextension,whethertheyshouldbegivenaccesstothecomputerit'sconnectedto-regardlessofwhethersomeonegetsthepasswordright.Italsodoesn'trequireanewtypeoftechnologythatpeoplearen'talreadyfamiliarwith.Everybodyusesakeyboardandeverybodytypesdifferently.Inastudydescribingthetechnology,theresearchershad100volunteerstypetheword"touch"fourtimesusingthesmartkeyboard.Datacollectedfromthedevicecouldbeusedtorecognizedifferentparticipantsbasedonhowtheytyped,withverylowerrorrates.Theresearcherssaythatthekeyboardshouldbeprettystraightforwardtocommercializeandismostlymadeofinexpensive,plastic-likeparts.Theteamhopestomakeittomarketinthenearfuture.28.Whydotheresearchersdevelopthesmartkeyboard?A.Toreducepressureonkeys. B.ToimproveaccuracyintypingC.Toreplacethepasswordsystem. D.Tocutthecostofe-spaceprotection.29.Whatmakestheinventionofthesmartkeyboardpossible?A.Computersaremucheasiertooperate.B.Fingerprintscanningtechniquesdevelopfast.C.Typingpatternsvaryfrompersontoperson.D.Datasecuritymeasuresareguaranteed.30.Whatdotheresearchersexpectofthesmartkeyboard?all1osoisgitieocooll.A.It'llbeenvironment-friendly. B.It'llreachconsumerssoon.C.It'llbemadeofplastics. D.It'llhelpspeeduptyping.31.Whereisthistextmostlikelyfrom?A.Adiary. B.Aguidebook C.Anovel. D.Amagazine.【答案】28.D29.C30.B31.D【解析】这是一篇说明文。数据和身份盗窃变得越来越普遍,目前,向指纹扫描等这些技术仍然是昂贵的。本文介绍了一种新的科技--智能键盘,它能给e-space用户带来安全,而且这项技术也不贵。【28题详解】细节理解题。根据第一段的Atpresent,thesetechnologiesarestillexpensive,though.和第二段的ResearchersfromGeorgiaTechsaythattheyhavecomeupwithalow-costdevicethatgetsaroundthisproblem:asmartkeyboard.可知,研究者们开发智能键盘是为了降低e-space保护的成本。故选D。【29题详解】细节理解题。根据第二段的Thekeyboardcouldofferastronglayerofsecuritybyanalyzingthingsliketheforceofauser'stypingandthetimebetweenkeypresses.Thesepatternsareuniquetoeachperson.Thus,thekeyboardcandeterminepeople'sidentities可知,因为每个人的打字方式不同,使智能键盘能够识别人的身份。故选C。【30题详解】细节理解题。根据最后一段的Theteamhopestomakeittomarketinthenearfuture.可知,研究者们希望智能键盘能早日面世。故选B。【31题详解】推理判断题。本文介绍了一种新的科技--智能键盘,它能给e-space用户带来安全,由此可知,本文是关于科技,结合所给选项可知,本文可能来自于一本杂志。故选D。DDuringtherosyyearsofelementaryschool(小学),Ienjoyedsharingmydollsandjokes,whichallowedmetokeepmyhighsocialstatus.Iwasthequeenoftheplayground.Thencamemytweensandteens,andmeangirlsandcoolkids.Theyroseintheranksnotbybeingfriendlybutbysmokingcigarettes,breakingrulesandplayingjokesonothers,amongwhomIsoonfoundmyself.Popularityisawell-exploredsubjectinsocialpsychology.MitchPrinstein,aprofessorofclinicalpsychologysortsthepopularintotwocategories:thelikableandthestatusseekers.Thelikables'plays-well-with-othersqualitiesstrengthenschoolyardfriendships,jump-startinterpersonalskillsand,whentappedearly,areemployedeverafterinlifeandwork.Thenthere'sthekindofpopularitythatappearsinadolescence:statusbornofpowerandevendishonorablebehavior.Enviableasthecoolkidsmayhaveseemed,Dr.Prinstein'sstudiesshowunpleasantconsequences.Thosewhowerehighestinstatusinhighschool,aswellasthoseleastlikedinelementaryschool,are"mostlikelytoengage(从事)indangerousandriskybehavior."Inonestudy,Dr.Prinsteinexaminedthetwotypesofpopularityin235adolescents,scoringtheleastliked,themostlikedandthehighestinstatusbasedonstudentsurveys(调查研究)."Wefoundthattheleastwell-likedteenshadbecomemoreaggressiveovertimetowardtheirclassmates.Butsohadthosewhowerehighinstatus.Itclearlyshowedthatwhilelikabilitycanleadtohealthyadjustment,highstatushasjusttheoppositeeffectonus."Dr.Prinsteinhasalsofoundthatthequalitiesthatmadetheneighborswantyouonaplaydate-sharing,kindness,openness-carryovertolateryearsandmakeyoubetterabletorelateandconnectwithothers.Inanalyzinghisandotherresearch,Dr.Prinsteincametoanotherconclusion:Notonlyislikabilityrelatedtopositivelifeoutcomes,butitisalsoresponsibleforthoseoutcomes,too."Beinglikedcreatesopportunitiesforlearningandfornewkindsoflifeexperiencesthathelpsomebodygainanadvantage,"hesaid.32.Whatsortofgirlwastheauthorinherearlyyearsofelementaryschool?A.Unkind. B.Lonely. C.Generous. D.Cool.33.Whatisthesecondparagraphmainlyabout?A.Theclassificationofthepopular.B.Thecharacteristicsofadolescents.C.Theimportanceofinterpersonalskills.D.Thecausesofdishonorablebehavior34.WhatdidDr.Prinstein'sstudyfindaboutthemostlikedkids?A.Theyappearedtobeaggressive.B.Theytendedtobemoreadaptable.C.Theyenjoyedthehigheststatus.D.Theyperformedwellacademically.35.Whatisthebesttitleforthetext?A.BeNice-YouWon'tFinishLastB.TheHighertheStatus,theBeerC.BetheBest-YouCanMakeItD.MoreSelf-Control,LessAggressiveness【答案】32.C33.A34.B35.A【解析】这是一篇说明文。文章主要讲到研究表明,对别人好,讨人喜欢对人生活的各个方面有深远的有益影响。【32题详解】推理判断题。根据第一段Duringtherosyyearsofelementaryschool,Ienjoyedsharingmydollsandjokes,whichallowedmetokeepmyhighsocialstatus(在美好的小学时光里,我喜欢分享我的娃娃和笑话,这让我保持了高高的社会地位。)由此推断出,作者在小学早期时,是一个慷慨的女孩。unkind不友善的;lonely寂寞的;generous慷慨的;cool冷静的,故选C。【33题详解】主旨大意题。第二段MitchPrinstein,aprofessorofclinicalpsychologysortsthepopularintotwocategories:thelikableandthestatusseekers.(临床心理学教授MitchPrinstein将受欢迎的人分为两类:讨人喜欢的人和追求地位的人。)是段落主题句,本段内容分别对thelikable和thestatusseekers做了解释,所以本段主要介绍了两种受欢迎的分类,故选A。【34题详解】推理判断题。根据第四段Itclearlyshowedthatwhilelikabilitycanleadtohealthyadjustment(它清楚地表明,可爱可以促使健全的调整),由此推断出,心理学教授MitchPrinstein的研究表明,最有人望的孩子适应性更强,故选B。【35题详解】主旨大意题。通过阅读全文内容,尤其是最后一段,可知这篇文章主要讲了受欢迎,讨人喜欢对人生活的各个方面有深远的有益影响。与选项A"对别人好--最终,你的收获无穷无尽"一致,故选A。第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。IsFreshAirReallyGoodforYou?Weallgrewuphearingpeopletellusto"gooutandgetsomefreshair."____36____Accordingtorecentstudies,theanswerisabigYES,iftheairqualityinyourcampingareaisgood.___37___Iftheairyou'rebreathingisclean-whichitwouldbeifyou'reawayfromthesmogofcities-thentheairisfilledwithlife-giving,energizingoxygen.Ifyouexerciseoutofdoors,yourbodywilllearntobreathemoredeeply,allowingevenmoreoxygentogettoyourmuscles(肌肉)andyourbrain.Recently,peoplehavebegunstudyingtheconnectionbetweenthenaturalworldandhealing(治愈)._____38_____Intheseplacespatientscangotobenearnatureduringtheirrecovery.Itturnsoutthatjustlookingatgreen,growingthingscanreducestress,lowerbloodpressure,andputpeopleintoabettermood(情绪).Greeneryisgoodforus.HospitalpatientsWhoseetreebranchesouttheirwindowarelikelytorecoveratafasterratethanpatientswhoseebuildingsorskyinstead.______39______Itgivesusagreatfeelingofpeace.___40___Whilethesun'srayscanageandharmourskin,theyalsogiveisbeneficialVitaminD.TomakesureyougetenoughVitaminD-butstillprotectyourskin-putonsunscreenrightasyouheadoutside.Ittakessunscreenaboutfifteenminutestostartworking,andthat'splentyoftimeforyourskintoabsorbaday'sworthofVitaminD.A.Freshaircleansourlungs.B.Sowhatareyouwaitingfor?C.Beinginnaturerefreshesus.D.Anothersidebenefitofgettingfreshairissunlight.E.Butisfreshairreallyasgoodforyouasyourmotheralwayssaid?F.Justasimportantly,wetendtoassociateairwithhealthcare.G.Allacrossthecountry,recoverycentershavebegunbuildingHealingGardens.【答案】36.E37.A38.G39.C40.D【解析】这是一篇说明文。文章介绍了新鲜空气的好处:新鲜空气中的氧气,阳光对人们的身心健康均有好处。人们已经开始利用大自然和治愈疾病的关系,建造"康复花园",治疗病人了。【36题详解】根据下一句中的"theanswerisabigYES"可知,该空应该是一个一般疑问句,选项中只有E选项是一般疑问句。故选E:但是新鲜空气真得像你母亲说的那样对你有好处吗?空前的peopletellusto"gooutandgetsomefreshair"和选项中的"yourmotheralwayssaid"亦是呼应。【37题详解】根据下一句中提到的"Iftheairyou'rebreathingisclean…theairisfilledwithlife-giving,energizingoxygen"可知,新鲜空气充满赋予人生命的,充满活力的氧气。下文中"…breathemoredeeply,allowingmoreoxygentogettoyourmusclesandyourbrain"是对前文的递进:在户外,更多的氧气进入你的肌肉和大脑。根据前面的分析可以推知,该空应该提到新鲜空气的基本作用,根据常识,我们知道吸入的空气首先进入的是肺部,然后才会使我们的肌肉和大脑受益,故该空应选A选项:新鲜空气清洁我们的肺部。【38题详解】根据下一句中提到的"theseplaces"可以推知,该空应该提到表示地点的复数名词。选项中只有G选项提到该类名词,故选项G:在全国,康复中心已经开始建造"康复花园"。theseplaces就是指HealingGardens。【39题详解】前文介绍的是"康复花园"中的绿色植物对于病人康复的好的作用:绿色的正在成长的植物可以减轻压力,降低血压,使人情绪良好。空后提到"它给我们一种平和感"。该空起承上启下的作用,仍然要提到处于"康复花园"这种自然环境中的好处,空后的it也要指代这种情况。故C选项切题:身处大自然可以使人精神焕发。【40题详解】根据下文中提到的"thesun'srays…giveusbeneficialVitaminD"可知,该段介绍的阳光的好处。故该选项应该提到阳光。选项中只有D选项涉及阳光。故选D:获得新鲜空气的另一个好处是阳光。第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。Everyyearabout40,000peopleattempttoclimbKilimanjaro,thehighestmountaininAfrica.They___41___withthemlotsofwaste.The___42___mightdamagethebeautyoftheplace.Theglaciers(冰川)aredisappearing,changingthe___43___ofKilimanjaro.Hearingthesestories,I'm___44___abouttheplace-otherdestinationsaredescribedas"purer"naturalexperiences.However,Isoon___45___thatmuchhaschangedsincethedaysofdisturbingreportsof___46___amongtonsofrubbish.Ifinda___47___mountain,withtoiletsatcampsandalongthepaths.Theenvironmentalchallengesare___48___buttheeffortsmadebytheTanzaniaNationalParkAuthorityseemtobe___49___.ThebestofaKilimanjaro___50___,inmyopinion,isn'treachingthetop.Mountainsare___51___asspiritualplacesbymanycultures.This___52___isespeciallyevidentonKilimanjaroas___53___gothroughfiveecosystems(生态系统)inthespaceofafewkilometers.Atthebaseisarainforest.Itendsabruptlyat3,000meters,___54___landsoflowgrowingplants.Furtherup,theweather___55___-lowcloudsenvelopethemountainsides,whicharecoveredwiththickgrass.I___56___twelveshadesofgreenfromwhereIstand.Above4,000metersisthehighland___57___:gravel(砾石),stonesandrocks.___58___youclimbintoanarctic-likezonewith___59___snowandtheglaciersthatmaysoondisappear.DoesKilimanjaro___60___itsreputationasacrowdedmountainwithlinesoftouristsruiningtheatmosphereofpeace?Ifoundtheoppositetobetrue.41.A.keep B.mix C.connect D.bring42.A.stories B.buildings C.crowds D.reporters43.A.position B.age C.face D.name44.A.silent B.skeptical C.serious D.crazy45.A.discover B.argue C.decide D.advocate46.A.equipment B.grass C.camps D.stones47.A.remote B.quiet C.all D.clean48.A.new B.special C.significant D.necessary49.A.payingoff B.spreadingout C.blowingup D.fadingaway50.A.atmosphere B.experience C.experiment D.sight51.A.studied B.observed C.explored D.regarded52.A.view B.quality C.reason D.purpose53.A.scientists B.climbers C.locals D.officials54.A.holdingonto B.goingbackto C.livingupto D.givingwayto55.A.changes B.clears C.improves D.permits56.A.match B.imagine C.count D.add57.A.village B.desert C.road D.lake58.A.Obviously B.Easily C.Consequently D.Finally59.A.permanent B.little C.fresh D.artificial60.A.enjoy B.deserve C.save D.acquire【答案】41.D42.C43.C44.B45.A46.C47.D48.C49.A50.B51.D52.A53.B54.D55.A56.C57.B58.D59.A60.B【解析】这是一篇夹叙夹议文。每年有4万登山者攀登非洲第一高峰乞力马扎罗山,他们带来了垃圾,破坏了这里的环境。再加上冰川的消失,改变着它的地貌。对此作者对这个地方很是怀疑,想一探究竟。当他来到这里,他发现当地环保措施很到位,同时作者发现乞力马扎罗山有多种生态系统。作者认为乞力马扎罗山不应该被誉为一座挤满了破坏宁静氛围的游客的拥挤的山峰。【41题详解】考查动词辨析。A.keep保持;B.mix混合;C.connect联系;D.bring带来。句意:他们带来了很多的垃圾。由"lotsofwaste"可知,登山者带来了很多的垃圾。故D选项切题。【42题详解】考查名词辨析。A.stories故事;B.buildings建筑物;C.crowds人群;D.reporters记者。句意:人群可能会破坏这个地方的美。由"40,000"可知,这是一个庞大的群体。故C选项切题。【43题详解】考查名词辨析。A.position位置;B.age年龄;C.face外貌;D.name名字。句意:冰川正在消失,改变着乞力马扎罗山的地貌。冰川是乞力马扎罗山地貌之一,所以冰山融化会改变它的地貌。故C选项切题。【44题详解】考查形容词辨析。A.silent沉默的;B.skepetical怀疑的;C.serious严肃的;D.crazy疯狂的。句意:听到这些故事,我对这个地方产生了怀疑--其他旅游地被描述为"更纯粹"的自然体验。由下文可知,作者亲自来到了乞力马扎罗山,作者想解开这个怀疑。故beskepeticalabout"对……怀疑"符合句意。故B选项切题。【45题详解】考查动词辨析。A.discover发现;B.argue争论;C.decide决定;D.advocate提倡。句意:然而,我很快发现,自从那些令人不安的关于营地周围有成吨的垃圾的报道出现以来,情况发生了很大的变化。由"muchhaschanged"可知,作者发现了很大的变化。故A选项切题。【46题详解】考查名词辨析。A.equipment装备;B.grass草C.camps营地;D.stone石头。句意:我很快发现,自从那些令人不安的关于营地周围有成吨的垃圾的报道出现以来,情况发生了很大的变化。由下文"atcamps"可知,本句属于原词再现。故C选项切题。【47题详解】考查形容词辨析。A.remote遥远的;B.quiet安静的C.tall高的;D.clean干净的。句意:我发现了一座干净的山,营地里和路边都有厕所。由"withtoliletatcampsandalongthepaths"可知,营地里和路边都有厕所。所以这是一座干净的山。故D选项切题。【48题详解】考查形容词辨析。A.new新的;B.special特殊的;C.significant相当大的;D.necessary必要的。句意:环境挑战是巨大的,但坦桑尼亚国家公园管理局所做的努力似乎正在得到回报。根据前文可知,很多的登山者来到乞力马扎罗山以及冰川可能会消失。这对于环境来说是一个巨大的挑战。故C选项切题。【49题详解】考查动词短语辨析。A.payingoff还清,报偿;B.spreadingout伸展;C.blowingup爆炸;D.fadingaway;逐渐消退。句意:环境挑战是巨大的,但坦桑尼亚国家公园管理局所做的努力似乎正在得到回报。由"but"可知,前后表示转折关系,说明坦桑尼亚国家公园管理局所做的努力似乎正在得到回报。故A选项切题。【50题详解】考查名词辨析。A.atmosphere氛围;B.experience经历;C.experiment实验;D.sight视力。句意:在我看来,来乞力马扎罗最好的经历并不是到达顶峰。登山就是人生的一种经历。故B选项切题。【51题详解】考查动词辨析。A.studied学习;B.observed观察;C.explored探索;D.regarded认为。句意:山被许多文化视为精神场所。由"spiritualspace",可知,山被许多文化视为精神场所。beregardedas"被视为......"符合句意。故D选项切题。【52题详解】考查名词辨析。A.view景色;B.quality质量;C.reason原因;D.purpose目的句意:在乞力马扎罗,当登山者在几公里的空间里穿越五个生态系统时,景色差异尤为明显。有五个生态系统,所以景色也是明显的不同。故A选项切题。【53题详解】考查名词辨析。A.scientists科学家;B.climbers登山者;C.locals当地人;D.officials官员。句意:在乞力马扎罗,当登山者在几公里的空间里穿越五个生态系统时,景色尤为明显。故A选项切题。来到乞力马扎罗都是为了登山,也只有登山者能体验到五个生态系统。故B选项切题。【54题详解】考查动词短语辨析。A.holdingonto抓住;B.goingbackto回到(原来的话题);C.livingupto履行;D.givingwayto向......让步。句意:热带雨林在海拔3000米处突然到了尽头,让位于大片的低矮植物。这里指热带雨林在海拔3000米处突然到了尽头,所以海拔3000米以上就是大片的低矮植物。givingwayto"向......让步"符合句意。故D选项切题。【55题详解】考查动词辨析。A.changes改变;B.clears放晴;C.improves提高;D.permits允许。句意:再往上走,天气变了--低云笼罩着被厚厚的草覆盖的山腰。由"lowclouds"可知,生态系统不同,天气也是不同的,是变化的。故A选项切题。【56题详解】考查动词辨析。A.match匹配;B.imagine想象;C.count数;D.add增加。句意:我从站的地方数出了十二种绿色。由"twelveshadesofgreen"可知,作者数出了十二种绿色。故C选项切题。【57题详解】考查名词辨析。A.village村庄;B.desert沙漠,荒地;C.road马路;D.lake湖。句意:海拔4000米以上是高山寒漠:砾石、石头和岩石。由"grave,stonesandrocks"可知,拔4000米以上是高山寒漠。故B选项切题。【58题详解】考查副词辨析。A.Obviously明显地;B.Easily容易地;C.Consequently结果;D.Finally最后地。句意:海拔4000米以上是高地沙漠:砾石、石头和岩石。生态系统最顶端也是最后一个生态系统是冰川地区。故D选项切题。【59题详解】考查形容词辨析。A.permanent.永久的;B.little小的;C.fresh新鲜的;D.artifical人造的。句意:很明显,你爬进了一个类似北极的地带,那里有着永久性的积雪和可能很快消失的冰川。由"arctic-likezone"可知,这是一个类似北极的地带,所以有永久性的积雪。故A选项切题。【60题详解】考查动词辨析。A.enjoy享受;B.deserve值得;C.save挽救;D.acquire获得。句意:乞力马扎罗山是一座拥挤的山,挤满了成群的游客,破坏了宁静的气氛,它值得这样的名声吗?。这里作者在疑问乞力马扎罗山是不是应该被誉为一座挤满了破坏宁静氛围的游客的拥挤的山峰。以此在对后面的回答做好铺垫。故B选项切题。第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。ThepolarbearisfoundintheArcticCircleandsomebiglandmassesasfarsouthasNewfoundland.Whiletheyarerarenorthof88°,thereisevidence___61___theyrangeallthewayacrosstheArctic,andasfarsouthasJamesBayinCanada.Itisdifficulttofigureoutaglobalpopulationofpolarbearsasmuchoftherangehasbeen___62___(poor)studied;however,biologistscalculatethatthereareabout20,000-25,000polarbearsworldwide.Modemmethods___63___trackingpolarbearpopulationshavebeenemployedonlysincethemid-1980s,andareexpensive___64___(perform)consistentlyoveralargearea.InrecentyearssomeInuitpeopleinNunayut___65___(report)increasesinbearsightingsaroundhumansettlements,leadingtoa___66___(believe)thatpopulationsareincreasing.Scientistshaverespondedby___67___(note)thathungrybearsmaybecongregating(聚集)aroundhumansettlements,leadingtotheillusion(错觉)thatpopulationsare___68___(high)thantheyactuallyare.Of___69___nineteenrecognizedpolarbearsubpopulations,threearedeclining,six___70___(be)stable,oneisincreasing,andninelackenoughdata.【答案】61.that62.poorly63.of/for64.toperform65.havereport66.belief67.noting68.higher69.the70.are【解析】本文为科普文类说明文,介绍了北极熊的生存现状。【61题详解】考查同位语从句。根据句子结构分析可知,主句为therebe句型,且结构完整,空格后为同位语从句,解释说明中心词evidence内容,故填that。【62题详解】考查副词用法。根据句意和结构分析可知,此处用副词poorly修饰谓语动词hasbeenstudied,意为"研究很少"。故填poorly。【63题详解】考查介词用法。此处trackingpolarbearpopulations作Modernmethods的定语,用of连接,"methodsofdoingsth.",意为"…的方法",构成固定结构。或者意为"对于跟踪北极熊的方法"用for。故填of/for。【64题详解】考查非谓语动词。主系表结构之后,常用不定式作原因或目的状语,句意:跟踪北极熊的现代方法只是在二十世纪八十年代以来开始采用,并且在如此大区域内持续采用是昂贵的,故此处用toperform。【65题详解】考查时态。根据上下文语境,尤其是时间状语inrecentyears可知,主句用现在完成时态,故填havereported。【66题详解】考查名词。根据其前不定冠词和其后的同位语从句可知,空格处为名词形式,故填belief。【67题详解】考查非谓语动词。根据其前介词by可知,此处用动名词主动形式,故填noting。【68题详解】考查形容词比较级。根据其后thantheyactuallyare可知,此处为形容词的比较级,故填higher。【69题详解】考查定冠词。此处为特指,意为"在已知的19个北极熊亚种群中",故填the。【70题详解】考查主谓一致。根据threearedeclining,此处数词six作主语,代指前文中的"polarbearsubpopulations",故用复数谓语,一般现在时,故填are。第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)71.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。Ibecameinterestinginplayingfootballthankstoasmallaccident.OneafternoonwhereIwasinprimaryschool,Iwaswalkingbytheschoolplayground.Suddenlyfootballfeeljustinfrontofmebutalmosthitme.Istoppedtheballandkickedithardlybacktotheplayground.Toeveryone`ssurprising,theballwentintothenet.Allthefootballplayerontheplaygroundcheeredloudly,saythatIhadatalentforfootball.Fromnowon,Istartedtoplaymyfootballwithclassmatesafterschool.Iamagoodplayernow.【答案】interesting→interestedwhere→whenfootball前面加上abut→andhardly→hardsurprising→surpriseplayer→playerssay→sayingnow→then去掉my【解析】【分析】这是一篇记叙文。作者讲述了由于一次偶然的经历,自己喜欢上了踢足球。从此成了一名优秀球员。【详解】1.考查形容词用法。"interest(使感兴趣;使关注)"的形容词有interesting(使人感兴趣的)常修饰物;与interested(表现出兴趣的)常修饰人。本句的意思为:多亏一个偶然的事件,我对踢足球产生了兴趣。主语是I,故将interesting改为interested。2.考查定语从句。先行词oneafternoon表示时间在定语从句中作状语,所以关系词使用when。故将where改为when。3.考查冠词。名词football为可数名词,前边需要有限定词。这里football第一次出现,故在football前加a。4.考查连词。句意:突然一个足球落在我前边并且差点打到我。"足球落下来"与"打到我"两个动作是顺承关系,不是转折关系。故将but改为and。5.考查副词。"hard(努力地;费力地)"与"hardly(几乎不;几乎没有)"都为副词,但是词义不同。本句意思为:我挡住足球,并使劲地将它踢回操场。故将hardly改为hard。6.考查固定搭配。"toone's+名词"在句中表示结果,"toone'ssurprise"意思为"使某人惊讶的是…"。故将surprising改为surprise。7.考查名词的数。"player(运动员)"为可数名词,所以all(所有的)后需要用player的复数形式。故将player改为players。8.考查现在分词。本句句意:操场上所有的足球运动员大声欢呼,说我有足球天赋。句中谓语动词为cheered,say在这里作伴随状语。与主语players是主动关系,故将say改为saying。9.考查固定搭配。句意:从那时开始,我放学后跟同学一起踢足球。且"fromnowon(从现在开始)"后边句子应该表示从现在开始所发生动作或存在的情况,不能用一般过去时。此处后面是一般过去时,表示"从那时起"是fromthenon,故将now改为then。10.考查固定搭配。"踢足球"的英语表达为"playfootball",中间不能加冠词或者代词。故将my去掉。第二节书面表达(满分25分)72.假定你是李华,暑假在伦敦学习,得知当地美术馆要剧版中国画展。请写一封信申请做志愿者,内容包括:1.写信目的:2.个人优势:3.能做的事情。注意:1.词数100左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3.结束语已为你写好。_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________【答案】I'mLiHua,anoutgoingboy,whoisstudyinginLondon.Iamwritingtoapplytobeavolunteerofyourteam,havingheardthataChinesePaintingExhibitionwillbeheldinthislocalcity.Ihavesomeadvantagesforthejob.Firstofall,havinglivedinChinaforsixteenyearsandhavinglearntEnglishsinceIwasachild,IhaveagoodcommandofEnglishandChinese,whichisbeneficialforintroducingChinesepaintings.Besides,havingagoodknowledgeofChinesepaintingsbecauseofmyfamiliaritywithChinesepaintingculture,Icangetforeignersandthelocalstoknowmoreaboutit.Lastbutnotleast,throughmyintroductionandefforts,Ibelieve,IcanstrengthenthefriendshipbetweenChinaandEngland.Iwouldappreciateitifyoucouldtakemyapplicationintoconsideration.【解析】【分析】本篇书面表达属于应用文。【详解】1.审题立意本篇书面表达属于应用文。要求考生写申请信,人称使用第一人称和第二人称,时态用一般现在式。2.谋篇布局书信格式,称呼和落款文中已经给出。首段,写信的目的,中间段写个人优势和能做的事,最后一段总结。3.关键词根据写作要点及构思好的提纲我们可以初步确定文章可能使用到的词汇有:volunteer,aChinesePaintingExhibition,localcity,advantages,agoodcommandof,beneficialfor,familiaritywith,appreciate,takemyapplicationintoconsideration。通过词汇铺垫,我们就很容易地行文了,文章写完之后要检查文中是否存在拼写或语法错误,并增加一些细节和过渡性的词汇,如Firstofall,Besides,tobeginwith,moreover,asforme,Lastbutnotleast,等,使全文衔接自然,语义流畅。【点睛】本文首段开门见山,表达了写信的目的;第2段详细介绍了个人的优势和能做的事情,anoutgoingboy,whoisstudyinginLondon.此处使用了同位语和非限制性定语从句。havingheardthataChinesePaintingExhibitionwillbeheldinthislocalcity.使用了分词做状语和宾语从句及被动语态。havinglivedinChinaforsixteenyearsandhavinglearntEnglishsinceIwasachild,IhaveagoodcommandofEnglishandChinese,whichisbeneficialforintroducingChinesepaintings.使用了分词和非限制性定语从句。另外Firstofall,Besides,Lastbutnotleast的使用使文章富有条理性。此外,还使用了高级句式结构,如Iwouldappreciateitifyoucouldtakemyapplicationintoconsideration条件状语从句。 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全国Ⅰ卷2019年普通高等学校全国统一考试英语试题含试卷分析答题技巧
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全国Ⅰ卷2019年普通高等学校全国统一考试英语试题含试卷分析答题技巧

常见介词用法-介词短语做什么成分-介词短语的构成

助动词的分类和用法-基本助动词有哪些-助动词do和

过去完成进行时用法-过去完成进行时与过去完成时比

动名词用法-动名词的结构和形式-动名词与现在分词
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