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浙江卷2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语真题含试卷分析答题技巧详细信息
宜城教育资源网www.ychedu.com浙江卷2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语真题含试卷分析答题技巧2019年6月普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(浙江卷)英语听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。例:Howmuchistheshirt?A.?19.15.B.?9.18.C.?9.15.答案是C。1.Wheredoesthisconversationtakeplace?A.Inaclassroom. B.Inahospital. C.Inamuseum.【答案】B【解析】【详解】W:Excuseme,sir,visitinghoursareovernow.Yourwifemustgetsomerest.M:Oh,I'msorry,doctor.Ididn'thearthebell,orIwould'veleftearlier.2.WhatdoesJackwanttodo?A.Takefitnessclasses.B.Buyapairofgymshoes.C.Changehisworkschedule.【答案】A【解析】【详解】M:Hello,mynameisJack.Ineedtogetinshape.HowdoIregisterfortheclasses?W:We'llneedyoutojointhegym,andthenyoucanfindoutwhichclassesfityourschedulethebest.3.Whatarethespeakerstalkingabout?A.Whattodrink. B.Wheretomeet. C.Whentoleave.【答案】B【解析】【详解】W:I'llseeyouatthetheatre.M:Betterstill,let'smeetintheRedLionbartohavealittlenicetalk.W:Goodidea,andI'dlovetohaveadrinkthere.4.Whatistherelationshipbetweenthespeakers?A.Colleges. B.Classmates. C.Strangers.【答案】C【解析】【详解】M:Hello,mynameisJohnArber.AndI'mcallingtoaskaboutthepositionadvertisedinFriday'sDailymail.W:Yes,thepositionisstillopen.Youcouldcomeoverandhaveatalkwithus.5.WhyisEmilymentionedintheconversation?A.Shemightwantaticket.B.Sheislookingfortheman.C.Shehasanextraticket.【答案】A【解析】【详解】M:Ihaveanextratickettotheconcerttonight.Wouldyouliketojoinme?W:Thanks,butIalreadyhaveone.YoucanaskEmily.Shemightbeinterested.第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。6.HowlongdidJamesrunhisbusiness?A.10years. B.13years. C.15years.7.HowdoesthewomanfeelaboutJames'situation?A.Embarrassed. B.Concerned. C.Disappointed.【答案】6.C7.B【解析】W:DidyouknowJameswentoutofbusiness?M:Really?Whenwasthat?W:Lastmonth.M:That'stoobad!Hehadownedthatbusinessfor15years.Whathappened?W:Idon'tknow.Butlifemustbeprettytoughforhisfamilynow.Hissonsarestillsoyoung.Oneis13andtheotheris10.M:Well,maybethingsarenotasbadastheyseemtobe.W:Ihopeso.【6题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【7题详解】此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。8.WhathasKate'smotherdecidedtodo?A.Returntoschool. B.Changeherjob. C.Retirefromwork.9.WhatdidKate'smotherstudyatcollege?A.Oilpainting. B.Arthistory. C.Businessadministration.10.WhatisKate'sattitudetowardhermother'sdecision?A.Disapproving. B.Ambiguous. C.Understanding.【答案】8.A9.C10.C【解析】W:Guesswhat?Mymother'sdecidedtogobacktoschool.M:Why?W:Well,shealwayslovedart,butlearnedbusinessadmistrationatcollege,becauseherparentsthoughtitwasdifficultforanartisttofindajob.M:Soshewantstostudyartnow?W:Yeah,oilpaining.It'sbeenherdreamforalongtime.M:It'snicetoreturntolearnwhatsheloves.But,Kate,Istillthinkoldageshouldbeaboutpeaceandrelaxation.Hurryingtoschooleverydayandhavingtopassexamssoundsabittoomuchforher.W:Youknow,sheretiredlastyearandI'mleavingfortheuniversitysoon.Sheneedstofindsomethinginterestingtodo.M:Well,maybe,ifit'swhatshewants.【8题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【9题详解】此听力题,解析略。【10题详解】此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。11.Whatisthemandoing?A.Chairingameeting.B.Hostingaradioprogram.C.Conductingajobinterview.12.WhatbenefitsMarymostinherjob?A.Herwidereading. B.Herleaders'guidance. C.Herfriends'help13.WhowillMarytalkaboutnext?A.Herteacher. B.Herfather C.Hermother.【答案】11.B12.A13.C【解析】M:Dearlisteners,fortoday'sshow,Ihavewithme,mycolleague,MaryLenny.ShehasbeenaradioandTVreporterformanyyears.Mary,welcometoourshow!W:It'sapleasuretobehere.M:Wouldyoupleasetellourlistenerswhomostinfluencedyourdecisiontobecomeareporter?Bothmyparentshadagreatinfluenceonmychoiceofwork,insteadoftryingtopickoutajobforme,theyhelpedmelearnthosethingsthatledmetoit.M:Howdidtheydothat?W:MyfatheralwaystoldmethataneducationwasoneofthegreatestadvantagesIcouldhave,onethatwouldalwaysstaywithme.Heusedtotellmethatreaderswereleaders,andencouragedmetoreadallIcould.Asaresult,I'vealwayskeptupwiththenewspapers,faithfullyreadmagazinesandlearnedtoreallyenjoybooks,allofwhichhavebeenavaluablehelptomeinradioandtelevisionreporting.M:Whataboutyourmother?W:Well,mymotherhelpedmeinamuchdifferentway.【11题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【12题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【13题详解】此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。14.Whydoesthemanseldomdoexercise?A.Helacksmotivation.B.Hehasaheartproblem.C.Heworksallthetime.15.WhatdoesJacobSattelmairprobablydo?A.He'sanathlete. B.He'saresearcher. C.He'sajournalist.16.Whydoesthewomanspeakofastudy?A.Toencouragetheman.B.Torecommendanexercise.C.Tosupportherfindings.17.Howmuchtimewillthemanprobablyspendexercisingweekly?A.300minutes. B.150minute. C.75minutes.【答案】14.A15.B16.A17.C【解析】M:Weallknowthatexerciseisgoodforus,butsometimesitseemstoohardtoleavethesofa.W:Icanseethat.Youseldomdoexercise.M:Plus,havingthedoctortellustogettwoandahalfhours'exerciseaweekdoesn'treallyhelpourmotivationmuch.W:Don'tbediscouraged.Nowanewstudysuggestsgettingbenefitsfromexercisedoesn'thavetobethatdemanding.JacobSattelmairfromHarvardUniversityhasdoneastudyintohowmuchexerciseisneededtolowertheriskofheartattacks.M:Mmm…,interesting!W:Thestudyshowedthatpeoplewhoputin300minutesaweekofexercisehada20%lowerriskofdeathduetoheartdisease.Still,thepeoplewhoexercise115minutesaweekdidprettywell,too,loweringtheirdeathriskby14%.M:Andwhataboutthepeoplewhoexercisehalfasmuchasthat,likewhatIprobablydo?Doesthathelp?W:Ofcourse,even15minuteswouldhelp.【14题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【15题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【16题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【17题详解】此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。18.Whatdidthescientistsdototheroad?A.Theyrepairedit. B.Theypaintedit. C.Theyblockedit19.Whyareyoungbirdsdrawntotheroadsurface?A.It'swarm. B.It'sbrown. C.It'ssmooth.20.Whatisthepurposeofthescientists'experiment?A.Tokeepthebirdsthereforawholeyear.B.Tohelpstudentsstudythebirdswell.C.Topreventthebirdsfrombeingkilled.【答案】18.B19.A20.C【解析】Hereisapieceofnewsforbirdlovers.Scientistshavepaintedalongroad,red,yellowandwhite.Theyhelptodiscouragetheseabirdsfromwanderingontothehighway.Theareaishometolargecrowdsofbirdsthatcometostayfortheseason.Youngbirdsareoftenattractedtothewarmroads'surfaceandgetkilledbythetraffic.Biologystudent,Hannahtellsthebroadcaster.Theyoungster'sfeathersarebrownincolor.Thedark-coloredroadsurfacemakestheyoungsterhardtobenoticed.Asthenumberoftouristshasgrown,sohastheamountoftrafficontheroads.BiologistChristensaystheplanistoseehowthebirdsrespondtothemulti-coloredroadthissummer,andifitworks,theideacouldspreadtootherpartsofthecountry.【18题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【19题详解】此为听力题,解析略。【20题详解】此为听力题,解析略。第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)第一节(共10小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。AZachariahFikehasanunusualhobby.Hefindsoldmilitary(军队的)medalsforsaleinantiquestoresandontheInternet.Butunlikemostcollectors,Zactracksdownthemedals'rightfulowners,andreturnsthem.HisefforttoreunitefamilieswithlostmedalsbeganwithaChristmasgiftfromhismother,aPurpleHeartwiththenameCorradoA.G.Piccoli,foundinanantiqueshop.ZacknowsthemeaningofaPurpleHeart-heearnedonehimselfinawarasasoldier.Sowhenhismothergavehimthemedal,heknewrightawaywhathehadtodo.ThroughtheInternet,ZactrackeddownCorrado'ssisterAdelineRockko.Butwhenhefinallyreachedher,thewomanfloodedhimwithquestions:"Whoareyou?Whatantiqueshop?"However,whenshehungup,sheregrettedthewayshehadhandledthecall.SoshecalledZacbackandapologized.SoonshedrovetomeetZacinWatertown,N.Y."Atthatpoint,Iknewshemeantbusiness,"Zacsays."Todriveeighthourstocometoseeme."ThePiccolisgrewupthechildrenofItalianimmigrantsinWatertown.Corrado,atranslatorfortheArmyduringWWII,waskilledinactioninEurope.BeforehearingfromZac,Adelinehadn'trealizedthemedalwasmissing.Likemanymilitarymedals,theoneZac'smotherhadfoundwasafamilytreasure."Thismedalwasveryprecioustomyparents.Onlyonspecialoccasions(场合)wouldtheytakeitoutandletusholditinourhands,"Adelinesays.Asachild,Adelinecouldn'tunderstandwhythemedalwassosignificant."ButasIgrewolder,"Adelinesays,"andmissedmybrothermoreandmore,Irealizedthatwastheonlythingwehadleft."CorradoPiccoli'sPurpleHeartmedalnowhangsattheItalianAmericanCivicAssociationinWatertown.ZacrecentlyreturnedanotherlostmedaltoafamilyinAlabama.SincehefirstreunitedCorrado'smedal,Zacsayshisrecordisnow5for5.21.WheredidZacgetaPurpleHeartmedalforhimself?A.Inthearmy.B.Inanantiqueshop.C.Fromhismother.D.FromAdelineRockko.22.WhatdidZacrealizewhenAdelinedrovetomeethim?A.Shewasveryimpolite.B.Shewasseriousaboutthemedal.C.Shesuspectedhishonesty.D.Shecamefromawealthyfamily.23.WhatmadeAdelinetreasurethePurpleHeart?A.Herparents'advice.B.Herknowledgeofantiques.C.Herchildhooddream.D.Hermemoryofherbrother.【答案】21.A22.B23.D【解析】这是一篇记叙文。ZachariahFike有一个不同寻常的业余爱好:他在网上和古董店里寻找旧的军队勋章,然后将这些勋章归还它们的合法主人。文章主要叙述了他这一爱好的起源。【21题详解】细节理解题。根据第二段中"ZacknowsthemeaningofaPurpleHeart-heearnedonehimselfinawarasasoldier"可知,当Zac还是一名士兵的时候,在一次战争中他获得了一枚PurpleHeart。故A选项正确。【22题详解】推理判断题。根据第三段中的"Todriveeighthourstocometoseeme"可以推知,Adeline为了那枚PurpleHeart开车八个小时来见Zac,由此可知,她对于这件事是认真地。因此,Atthatpoint,Iknewshemeantbusiness应该指的是Zac意识到Adeline对这枚勋章是认真的。故B选项正确。【23题详解】推理判断题。根据第四段中的"Corrado,atranslator…waskilledinactioninEurope"和倒数第三段中的"asIgrewolder…andmissedmybrothermoreandmore,Irealizedthatwastheonlythingwehadleft"这枚勋章寄托了Adeline对于去世的哥哥Corrado的回忆和思念,这是他们家留下的唯一关于哥哥的东西了。因此她很珍惜这枚勋章。故D选项正确。BMoneywithnostringsattached.It'snotsomethingyouseeeveryday.ButatUnionStationinLosAngeleslastmonth,aboardwentupwithdollarbillsattachedtoitwithpinsandasignthatread,"GiveWhatYouCan,TakeWhatYouNeed."Peoplequicklycaughton.Andwhilemanytookdollars,manyotherspinnedtheirowncashtotheboard."Peopleofallages,races,andsocio-economic(社会经济的)backgroundsgaveandtook,"saidTylerBridgesofTheToolbox,whichcreatedtheproject."Weevenhadabrideinherweddingdresscomeuptotheboardandtakeafewdollars."Mostofthebillsontheboardweresingles,butafewpeopleleftfives,tensandeventwenties.Thevideoclip(片段)showsonemanwhohadfounda$20billpinningittotheboard."WhatIcansayforthefolksthatgavethemost,isthattheywerefullofsmiles,"Bridgessaid."There'sacertainfeelingthatgivingcandoforyouandthatwasapparentinthosethatgavethemost."Mostpeoplewhotookdollarstookonlyafew,butBridgessaidaverysmallnumbertookasmuchastheycould.Whiletheclipmightlooklikepartofanewadcampaign,Bridgessaidtheonlygoalwastoshowgenerosityandsympathy.HeaddedthathehopespeopleinothercitiesmighttrysimilarprojectsandposttheirownvideosontheInternet."Afterall,everyonehasbaddaysandgooddays,"hesaid."Somedaysyouneedahelpinghandandsomedaysyoucanbetheonegivingthehelpinghand."24.Whatdoestheexpression"moneywithnostringsattached"inparagraph1mean?A.Moneyspentwithouthesitation.B.Moneynotlegallymade.C.Moneyofferedwithoutconditions.D.Moneynottiedtogether.25.WhatdidBridgeswanttoshowbymentioningthebride?A.Womentendedtobemoresociable.B.Theactivityattractedvariouspeople.C.Economicproblemsweregettingworse.D.Youngcouplesneededfinancialassistance.26.WhydidBridgescarryouttheproject?A.Todoatestonpeople'smorals.B.Toraisemoneyforhiscompany.C.Toearnhimselfagoodreputation.D.Topromotekindnessandsympathy.【答案】24.C25.B26.D【解析】这是一篇新闻报道。短文报道了上个月在洛杉矶的联合车站,一块牌子上别针别满了美元,上面写着"给予你所能给与的,拿走你所需要的"。这样的活动吸引了各种各样的人,组织者希望通过这样的活动来提倡仁慈和同情。【24题详解】词义猜测题。由第一段"ButatUnionStationinLosAngeleslastmonth,aboardwentupwithdollarbillsattachedtoitwithpinsandasignthatread,"GiveWhatYouCan,TakeWhatYouNeed."可知,但是上个月在洛杉矶的联合车站,一块牌子上别针别满了美元,上面写着"给予你所能给与的,拿走你所需要的"。所以通过下文的语境,判断出第1段中的moneywithnostringsattached是"无条件提供的钱"的意思。故B选项正确。【25题详解】推理判断题。由第二段""Peopleofallages,races,andsocio-economic(社会经济的)backgroundsgaveandtook,"saidTylerBridgesofTheToolbox,whichcreatedtheproject."Weevenhadabrideinherweddingdresscomeuptotheboardandtakeafewdollars."可知,发起该项活动的泰勒·布里奇斯说:"所有年龄、种族和社会经济背景的人都会付出和索取。"甚至有一位穿着婚纱的新娘来到了牌子前,拿走了一些钱。所以通过泰勒·布里奇斯所说的,可以判断出,他提到新娘就是想说明这项活动吸引了各种各样的人。故B选项正确。【26题详解】细节理解题。由倒数第二段"Whiletheclipmightlooklikepartofanewadcampaign,Bridgessaidtheonlygoalwastoshowgenerosityandsympathy"可知,尽管这段视频看起来像是一项新的广告活动的一部分,但是布里奇斯说这次活动唯一的目标是表现出慷慨和同情。所以布里奇斯实施这个活动是为了提倡仁慈和同情。故D选项正确。CCaliforniahaslosthalfitsbigtreessincethe1930s,accordingtoastudytobepublishedTuesdayandclimatechangeseemstobeamajorfactor(因素).Thenumberoftreeslargerthantwofeetacrosshasdeclinedby50percentonmorethan46,000squaremilesofCaliforniaforests,thenewstudyfinds.Noareawassparedorunaffected,fromthefoggynortherncoasttotheSierraNevadaMountainstotheSanGabrielsaboveLosAngeles.IntheSierrahighcountry,thenumberofbigtreeshasfallenbymorethan55percent;inpartsofsouthernCaliforniathedeclinewasnearly75percent.Manyfactorscontributedtothedecline,saidPatrickMclntyre,anecologistwhowastheleadauthorofthestudy.Woodcutterstargetedbigtrees.Housingdevelopmentpushedintothewoods.AggressivewildfirecontrolhasleftCaliforniaforestscrowdedwithsmalltreesthatcompetewithbigtreesforresources(资源).ButincomparingastudyofCaliforniaforestsdoneinthe1920sand1930swithanotheronebetween2001and2010,Mclntyreandhiscolleaguesdocumentedawidespreaddeathofbigtreesthatwasevidenteveninwildlandsprotectedfromwoodcuttingordevelopment.Thelossofbigtreeswasgreatestinareaswheretreeshadsufferedthegreatestwatershortage.Theresearchersfiguredoutwaterstresswithacomputermodelthatcalculatedhowmuchwatertreesweregettingincomparisonwithhowmuchtheyneeded,takingintoaccountsuchthingsasrainfall,airtemperature,dampnessofsoil,andthetimingofsnowmelt(融雪).Sincethe1930s,Mclntyresaid,thebiggestfactorsdrivingupwaterstressinthestatehavebeenrisingtemperatures,whichcausetreestolosemorewatertotheair,andearliersnowmelt,whichreducesthewatersupplyavailabletotreesduringthedryseason.27.Whatisthesecondparagraphmainlyabout?A.Theseriousnessofbig-treelossinCalifornia.B.TheincreasingvarietyofCaliforniabigtrees.C.ThedistributionofbigtreesinCaliforniaforests.D.TheinfluenceoffarmingonbigtreesinCalifornia.28.Whichofthefollowingiswell-intentionedbutmaybebadforbigtrees?A.Ecologicalstudiesofforests.B.Banningwoodcutting.C.Limitinghousingdevelopment.D.Firecontrolmeasures.29.WhatisamajorcauseofthewatershortageaccordingtoMclntyre?A.Inadequatesnowmelt. B.Alongerdryseason.C.Awarmerclimate. D.Dampnessoftheair.30.Whatcanbeasuitabletitleforthetext?A.California'sForests:WhereHaveAlltheBigTreesGone?B.CuttingofBigTreestoBeProhibitedinCaliforniaSoonC.WhyAretheBigTreesImportanttoCaliforniaForests?D.PatrickMclntyre:GrowMoreBigTreesinCalifornia【答案】27.A28.D29.C30.A【解析】本文为说明文,根据一项研究表明,自20世纪30年代以来,加州已经失去了一半的大树,气候变化似乎是其主要因素。【27题详解】主旨大意题。在第二段中,作者用具体数据说明了大树损失在各个地区的严重程度,没有任何地区幸免或不受影响,故选A。【28题详解】推理判断题。根据第三段最后一句AggressivewildfirecontrolhasleftCaliforniaforestscrowdedwithsmalltreesthatcompetewithbigtreesforresources(资源).可知,野火控制在控制了森林大火的同时,使得加利福尼亚的森林里挤满了小树,它们与大树争夺资源,这对大树产生了不利的影响,故选D。【29题详解】细节理解题。根据最后一段thebiggestfactorsdrivingupwaterstressinthestatehavebeenrisingtemperatures,…,andearliersnowmelt,…可知,造成加州水资源短缺的最大因素是气温的上升,以及较早的融雪,故选C。【30题详解】主旨大意题。通读全文可知,自20世纪30年代以来,加州已经失去了一半的大树,文章分析了引起该现象的几个主要因素。全文围绕"加州森林的大树都去哪儿了"话题展开,故选项A符合题意。第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。Rockmusicconsistsofmanydifferentstyles.Eventhoughthereisacommonspiritamongallmusicgroups,theymakeverydifferentmusic.___31___AtthattimetheBeatlesenteredtheworldofmusicfromLiverpool.AftertheyweregivenaninvitationtoappearliveonBBC,theBeatlesquicklybecamefamousinBritainwithnationwidetours.Bymid-1963,theBeatleshadbeenextremelypopularinEngland.___32___Theyheldlargeconcertsandperformedatclubs.TheybecamethehottestthingonthepopmusicsceneinEngland.Theybeganasamodestlysuccessfulmusiciangroupandendedtheyearasshowbusinesslegends(传说).JohnLennonandPaulMcCartneywerenamedcomposersoftheyear.___33___TheywerenotsurehowtheAmericanswouldreacttothenewtypeofmusic.BeatlemaniahitNewYorkonFebruary7,1964.Hundredsoffansjammedtheairporttogreetthem.___34___Theconcertwasbroadcastliveandattractedthelargestonenightaudienceinthehistoryoftelevisionuptothattime.TheBeatlesweredescribedasaBritishinvasion(入侵)bylocalandnationwidenewspapersatthattime.TheirvictoryinAmericawasstillrememberedasamajorturningpointinthehistoryofrockandroll.ThankstotheBeatles,alotofopportunitieswereopeneduptonewfacesonthemarket.___35___A.TheydecidedonatourtotheUnitedStatesin1964.B.Eventheirhairstylesbecamemajortrendsatthattime.C.Rockmusicdevelopedinthe1950sandtheearly1960s.D.However,theirsongschangedthelivesofgenerationstocome.E.ManyrockbandswereabletofollowinthefootstepsoftheBeatles.F.TheyappearedinthefilmsAHardDay'sNight(1964)andHelp!(1965).G.TheyperformedtheirfirstconcertinAmericaatCBStelevision's53rdstreetstudio.【答案】31.C32.B33.A34.G35.E【解析】本文是一篇说明文。文中讲述了披头士的发展和影响,引领了一种潮流趋势。【31题详解】第一段讲述摇滚音乐,根据空后的atthattime可知前句提到了时间,而且与rockmusic有关,选项中只有C项讲的是摇滚音乐,并且讲述了其发展的时间,故选C。【32题详解】空前后都是讲述披头士出名程度,根据空前extremelypopularinEngland,以及后文的theybecamethehottestthing可知此处描述了他们的影响,选项B(甚至他们的发型在那时也成为了一种潮流)符合文意,且关键词even是一个提示,故选B。【33题详解】根据空后TheywerenotsurehowtheAmericanswouldreacttothenewtypeofmusic.(他们不确定美国人怎样反应),可知他们首次来美国演出,所以A项(决定首次到美国开巡回演出)符合文意,故选A。【34题详解】根据空后Theconcertwasbroadcastlive…可知前句中应该出现concert,选项G中的关键词theirfirstconcert前后呼应。故选G。【35题详解】根据空前(由于披头士,市场上出现了很多机会),E项(很多新乐队(新面孔)都是模仿披头士),符合逻辑。故选E。第三部分语言运用(共两节,满分45分)第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。Therearelotsofwaystoraiseawarenessforacause.Usually,the___36___theideais,themoreitgetsnoticed.Andthat'spreciselywhyone___37___Frenchmanhascaughtourattention.BaptisteDubanchetisbikingacrossEurope,surviving___38___ondiscarded(丢弃)food.Thethree-month,1900-milejourneyfromParistoWarsawisDubanchet's___39___ofraisingawarenessoffoodwasteinEuropeandthroughouttheworld.Asyoucan___40___,thetripisnopieceofcake.Whilerestaurants___41___tonsoffoodeachyear,muchofitremainsinaccessiblebecauseof___42___garbagecontainers,healthregulations,orbusinesspolicies.Onlyaboutoneintenplaces___43___himfoodthatwouldotherwisebediscarded.Forlegal___44___,mostrestaurantshaveapolicyagainst___45___foodwaste."Somepeoplehaveeven___46___theirjobsbygivingmefood,"Dubanchetsaid.What's___47___interestingistheattitudevariouscitieshavetowardDubanchet'scause.Berlinhasbeenthe___48___whilethemostdifficultwastheCzechtownofPilsen.There,hehadto___49___atsome___50___differentstoresorrestaurantsbeforefindingfood.The50isallthemoreseriouswhenyouconsiderthe___51___exerciserequiredtobikefromFrancetoPoland."Ihavetogetfood___52___becauseafterallthebikingIamtiredandIneedthe___53___,"Dubanchetexplained."Ismy___54___fullorempty?Thatisthemostimportantthing,notwhatIameating."Heaimsto___55___hisjourneybymid-July.Withanyluck,he'llturnafewmoreheadsintheprocess.36.A.cleverer B.older C.stranger D.simpler37.A.garbage-eating B.sports-loving C.food-wasting D.law-breaking38.A.secretly B.finally C.entirely D.probably39.A.purpose B.way C.opinion D.dream40.A.observe B.imagine C.suggest D.remember41.A.store B.cook C.shopfor D.throwaway42.A.locked B.damaged C.connected D.abandoned43.A.bought B.offered C.ordered D.sold44.A.reasons B.rights C.fees D.aids45.A.beggingfor B.givingaway C.hiding D.causing46.A.did B.kept C.accepted D.risked47.A.hardly B.usually C.particularly D.merely48.A.easiest B.nearest C.biggest D.richest49.A.work B.shout C.ask D.jump50.A.competition B.conversation C.conflict D.challenge51.A.adequate B.rewarding C.demanding D.suitable52.A.again B.alone C.later D.fast53.A.spirit B.energy C.time D.effort54.A.stomach B.hand C.pocket D.basket55.A.arrange B.restart C.report D.finish【答案】36.C37.A38.C39.B40.B41.D42.A43.B44.A45.B46.D47.C48.A49.C50.D51.C52.D53.B54.A55.D【解析】这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。文章主要讲了一个吃垃圾的法国人引起了我们的注意,BaptisteDubanchet骑着自行车穿越欧洲,完全靠丢弃的食物生存。【36题详解】考查形容词辨析。根据Usually,the36theideais,themoreitgetsnoticed.可知这里意思是通常,这个观点越奇怪,它就会越受到关注。A.cleverer更聪明的;B.older更老的;C.stranger更奇怪;D.simpler更简单的,故选C。【37题详解】考查形容词辨析。根据BaptisteDubanchetisbikingacrossEurope,surviving38ondiscarded(丢弃)food.可知这里意思是那就是为什么一个吃垃圾的法国人引起了我们的注意。A.garbage-eating吃垃圾的;B.sports-loving爱好体育的;C.food-wasting浪费食物的;D.law-breaking破坏法律的,故选A。【38题详解】考查副词辨析。句意:BaptisteDubanchet骑着自行车穿越欧洲,完全靠丢弃的食物生存。A.secretly秘密地;B.finally最后;C.entirely完全地;D.probably很可能,故选C。【39题详解】考查名词辨析。句意:从巴黎到华沙历时三个月、1900英里的旅程,是Dubanchet引起欧洲和全世界对食物残羹注意的道路。A.purpose目的;B.way道路;C.opinion意见;D.dream梦想,故选B。【40题详解】考查动词辨析。句意:你可以想象,这次旅行不是小菜一碟。A.observe观察;B.imagine想象;C.suggest建议;D.remember记得,故选B。【41题详解】考查动词短语辨析。句意:虽然餐馆每年扔掉大量的食物,但由于垃圾容器上锁、卫生规定或商业政策,很多食物仍然难以接近。A.store存储;B.cook做饭;C.shopfor购买某物;D.throwaway扔掉,故选D。【42题详解】考查形容词辨析。根据itremainsinaccessible可知这里意思是垃圾容器上锁。A.locked上锁的;B.damaged被损坏的;C.connected连接的;D.abandoned被抛弃的,故选A。【43题详解】考查动词辨析。句意:只有大约十分之一的地方给他提供了食物,否则就会被丢弃。A.bought买;B.offered提供;C.ordered命令;D.sold销售,故选B。【44题详解】考查名词辨析。句意:由于法律原因,大多数餐馆都有禁止浪费食物的政策。A.reasons原因;B.rights权利;C.fees费用;D.aids援助,故选A。【45题详解】考查动词短语辨析。句意:由于法律原因,大多数餐馆都有禁止分发食物残渣的政策。A.beggingfor乞求;B.givingaway分发;C.hiding隐藏;D.causing造成,故选B。【46题详解】考查动词辨析。上文说由于法律原因,大多数餐馆都有禁止分发食物残渣的政策。可知这里意思是有些人甚至冒着失业的危险给我食物。A.did做;B.kept保持;C.accepted接受;D.risked冒…的危险,故选D。【47题详解】考查副词辨析。句意:特别有趣的是各个城市对Dubanchet事件的态度。A.hardly几乎不;B.usually通常;C.particularly特别是;D.merely仅仅,故选C。【48题详解】考查形容词辨析。根据whilethemostdifficultwastheCzechtownofPilsen.可知这里意思是柏林是最容易的。A.easiest最容易的;B.nearest最近的;C.biggest最大的;D.richest最富有的,故选A。【49题详解】考查动词辨析。句意:在那里,他必须在大约50家不同的商店或餐馆询问,才能找到食物。A.work工作;B.shout呼喊;C.ask询问;D.jump跳跃,故选C。【50题详解】考查名词辨析。句意:当你考虑到从法国骑自行车到波兰所需要的高强度运动时,挑战就更加严峻了。A.competition竞赛;B.conversation会话;C.conflict冲突;D.challenge挑战,故选D。【51题详解】考查形容词辨析。句意:当你考虑到从法国骑自行车到波兰所需要的高强度运动时,挑战就更加严峻了。A.adequate充足的;B.rewarding有益的;C.demanding要求高的;D.suitable适当的,故选C。【52题详解】考查副词辨析。句意:我必须快点吃东西,因为骑了那么多自行车,我累了,我需要能量。A.again再一次;B.alone独自地;C.later后来;D.fast迅速地,故选D。【53题详解】考查名词辨析。根据becauseafterallthebikingIamtired可知我需要能量。A.spirit精神;B.energy能量;C.time时间;D.effort努力,故选B。【54题详解】考查名词辨析。根据Thatisthemostimportantthing,notwhatIameating.可知这里意思是我的胃是满的还是空的。A.stomach胃;B.hand手;C.pocket口袋;D.basket篮子,故选A。【55题详解】考查动词辨析。根据Withanyluck,he'lltumafewmoreheadsintheprocess.可知这里意思是他计划在七月中旬结束他的旅行。A.arrange安排;B.restart重新开始;C.report报告;D.finish结束,故选D非选择题部分第三部分语言运用(共两节,满分45分)第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。Thereareseveralreasonswhyschooluniformsaregoodidea.Firstofall,uniformshelptheschoollooksmart.Thestudentsfeelthattheybelongtoaparticulargroup.Wheneverypupilintheschoolwearstheuniform,nobody___56___(have)toworryaboutfashion(时尚).Everybodywears___57___samestyleofclothes.Uniformscanbeusefulinunexpectedways,AschoolinIrelandhasintroducedaninterestingnewuniform.Ontheedgeofthejacket,thereisapieceofcloth___58___givesofflightinthedark.Whenthechildrenarewalkingor___59___(cycle)toschoolondarkmornings,cardriverscan___60___(easy)seethem.Butcanuniformshelpimproveschoolstandards?Theanswer___61___thisquestionisnotclear.OnestudyinAmericafoundthatstudents'grades___62___(improve)alittleaftertheschoolintroduceduniforms.Butsomestudentsdidn'twant___63___(wear)theuniform.OtherAmericanstudiesshowedno___64___(connect)betweenuniformsandschoolperformance.Schooluniformsare___65___(tradition)inBritain,butsomeschoolsarestartingtogetridofthem.Someverygoodschoolsdon'thaveauniformpolicy.However,uniformsarestillpopular.Pupilsatabout90percentofBritishsecondaryschoolswearuniforms.【答案】56.has/willhave57.the58.that/which59.cycling60.easily61.to62.improved63.towear64.connection/connections65.traditional【解析】这是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了学生穿校服的几个好处。【56题详解】考查时态。句意:当每个学生在校穿校服时,没有人会担心时尚问题。本句是when引导的时间状语从句,遵循主将从现原则,因此,主句可以使用将来时willdo;根据语境可知,本文叙述的是客观事实,因此,本句亦可用一般现在时,主语是nobody,谓语用has。故填willhave/has。【57题详解】考查冠词。句意:每个人都穿相同风格的衣服。same是形容词,意思是"相同的",常与the连用修饰名词。故填the。【58题详解】考查定语从句。这是个限制性定语从句,先行词是cloth,指物,从句中缺少主语,因此,可以用that或which引导。故填that/which。【59题详解】考查非谓语动词。句意:当孩子们在黑暗的早晨步行或骑车上学时,汽车司机很容易看到它们。or连接两个并列成分,根据or前的walking可知,此处要用cycling。故填cycling。【60题详解】考查副词。分析句式可知,设空处所给词是修饰动词see,修饰动词要用副词,因此,用easy的副词形式。故填easily。【61题详解】考查介词。句意:这个问题的答案不清楚。thekey/answerto...这是固定搭配,"……的答案是……"。故填to。62题详解】考查时态。句意:美国的一项研究发现,在学校引入校服后,学生的成绩有所提高。本句是after引导的时间状语从句,前后时态保持一致,从句使用了一般过去式,主句用一般过去式。故填improved。【63题详解】考查非谓语动词。句意:但是,有一些学生不想穿学生服。wanttodosth想要做某事,这是want的固定用法。故填towear。【64题详解】考查名词。句意:其他的美国研究表明校服和学校表现之间没有联系。no是形容词,形容词修饰名词,位于名词前,名词可用复数也可用单数形式。connect是动词,"联系"的意思,因此,要用其名词形式。故填connection/connections。【65题详解】考查形容词。句意:穿校服在英国是一个传统,但是一些学校开始允许学生上学不用穿校服。are是系动词,其后常用形容词作表语,tradition是名词,"传统"的意思,因此,用其形容词形式。故填traditional。第四部分写作(共两节,满分40分)第一节应用文写作(满分15分)66.假定你是李华,经常帮助你学习英语的朋友Alex即将返回自己的国家。请给他写一封邮件,内容包括:1.表示感谢;2.回顾Alex对你的帮助;3.临别祝愿。注意:1.词数80左右;2可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________【答案】参考范文略【解析】【详解】本题解析略。第二节读后续写(满分25分)67.阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。Parentseverywherepraisetheirkids.JennBerman,authorofTheAtoZGuidetoRaisingHappyandConfidentKids,says,"We'vegonetotheoppositeextremeofafewdecadesagowhenparentstendedtobemorestrict."Bygivingkidsalotofpraise,parentsthinkthey'rebuildingtheirchildren'sconfidence,when,infact,itmaybejusttheopposite.Toomuchpraisecanbackfireand,whengiveninawaythat'sinsincere,makekidsafraidtotrynewthingsortakeariskforfearofnotbeingabletostayontopwheretheirparents'praisehasputthem.Still,don'tgotoofarintheotherdirection.Notgivingenoughpraisecanbejustasdamaginggasgivingtoomuch.Kidswillfeellikethey'renotgoodenoughorthatyoudon'tcareand,asaresult,mayseenopointintryinghardfortheiraccomplishments.Sowhatistherightamountofpraise?Expertssaythatthequalityofpraiseismoreimportantthanthequantity.Ifpraiseissincereandfocusedontheeffortnottheoutcome,youcangiveitasoftenasyourchilddoessomethingthatdeservesaverbalreward."Weshouldespeciallyrecognizeourchildren'seffortstopushthemselvesandworkhardtoachieveagoal,"saysDonahue,authorofParentingWithoutFear:LettingGoofWorryandFocusingonWhatReallyMatters."Onethingtorememberisthatit'stheprocessnottheendproductthatmatters."Yoursonmaynotbethebestbasketballplayeronhisteam.Butifhe'soutthereeverydayandplayinghard,youshouldpraisehiseffortregardlessofwhetherhisteamwinsorloses.Praisingtheeffortandnottheoutcomecanalsomeanrecognizingyourchildwhenshehasworkedhardtocleantheyard,cookdinner,orfinishabookreport.Butwhateveritis,praiseshouldbegivenonacase-by-casebasisandbeproportionate(相称的)totheamountofeffortyourchildhasputintoit.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________【答案】参考范文略【解析】【详解】本题解析略。 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浙江卷2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语真题含试卷分析答题技巧
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浙江卷2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语真题含试卷分析答题技巧

常见介词用法-介词短语做什么成分-介词短语的构成

助动词的分类和用法-基本助动词有哪些-助动词do和

过去完成进行时用法-过去完成进行时与过去完成时比

动名词用法-动名词的结构和形式-动名词与现在分词
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