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人教版八年级英语下册电子课本-人教版八年级英语下册各个单元重点知识点详细信息
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人教版八年级英语下册电子课本-人教版八年级英语下册各个单元重点知识点

人教版八年级英语下册各个单元重点知识点

Unit6 An old man tried to move the mountains.

1. What do you think about/of...?

So what do you think about the story of Yu Gong?=How do you like the story of Yu Gong? 你觉得愚公的故事如何?

2. It doesn’t seem adj. to do sth...

It doesn’t seem very possible to move a mountain. 把一座山给移掉好像不太可能。

3. This is because...

This is because he can make 72 changes to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects. 这是因为他会根据他的形状和大小,做出72种变化,可以将自己变成不同的动物或东西。

4. … so… that+从句

Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear. 有时候他使金箍棒变得如此小以至于他可以把它放在耳朵里。

5. It takes sb. some time to do sth...

Because they were so big that it took a long time to walk to the other side. 因为它们如此之大以至于走到另一边花费了很长时间。

6. ...not...until十从句 直到............

Don’t eat it until you get to the forest. 你们到达森林之后才能吃。

7. shoot v.射,射击,过去式shot

Hou Yi shoots the sun. 后羿射日。

shoot at sth. 瞄准/......射击

8. as soon as…“…......…,刚...…...…”

I will tell him the news as soon as he comes back. 他一回来我就把消息告诉他。

He took out his English book as soon as he sat down. 他一坐下就把英语书拿出来了。

9. A god was so moved by Yu Gong that he send two gods to take the mountains away.

(1) move v. 打动;使感动

be moved (by sth./sb.) (被某人/事)感动

I was moves by your kindness. 我被你的善良打动了。

(2)take (…) away(把......)带走,拿走

Someone took my iPhone away while I was waiting in the station. 当我在车站等车的时候,有人拿走了我的iphone

take out 带出去,拿出去

take turns (to do…) 轮流做某事

10. remind v.“提醒,使想起,及物动词

(1) remind sb. of sth. 让我们想起某事

The old photo reminds me of my childhood. 这张老照片让我想起了我的童年。

(2) remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事:

My parents often remind me to study hard. 我的父母总是提醒我要努力学习。

11. I think it’s a little bit silly. 我认为那有点儿傻。

a little bit 意为有点儿,后加形容词,相当于a littlea bit

This is a little bit difficult for me. 这对我来说有点难。

12. turn...into... “......变成......”

Please turn this into English. 请把这个译成英语。

Joan is turning into a skilled musician. 琼正在变成一个技艺精湛的音乐家。

13. at other times “平时,有时,在其他时候

At other times he doesn’t have to get up at all. 平时他根本不必起来。

Sometimes we went to the beach and at other times we went to climb the mountains. 我们有时候去海滩,有时去爬山。

14. come out

(1) 出版

That magazine comes out every Monday. 那本杂志每周一出版。

(2) 出来,出现,开花

The stars come out as soon as it was dark. 天一黑星星就出来了。

(2) 传出,真相大白

The truth has come out at last. 最后真相大白了。

15. become interested in,对…...感兴趣 = be interested in,后接名词,代词,动名词

I became interested in piano. 我对钢琴感兴趣。

16. whole adj. 全部的,整体的

whole后通常跟可数名词,前加the/this/ my等形容词性物主代词修饰

The old man told us the whole story. 老人给我们讲了整个故事。

all也指所有的,修饰可数或不可数名词,放在the/ this/ my等词前。

17. be made of… ......制成,看得出原材料;

be made from… ......制成,看不出原材料。

Unit7 What’s the highest mountain in the world?

1. It is adj. + (for sb. ) to do sth.

It is very hard to take in air as you get near the top. 当你接近山顶时,连呼吸都会困难。

2. ... is because ...

One of the main reasons is because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties. 其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临困难时挑战自己。

3. ...show(s) (sb) that...

The spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up trying to achieve our dreams. 这些登山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应 该放弃实现自己的梦想。

4. 表达事物的长,宽,高,深……?

sth. /sb. +be+数量+单位+形容词long, wide, tall, deep

The river is 2 meters deep.

Qomolangma is 8,844.43 meters high.

long---length (n. 长度)

wide---width (n. 宽度)

deep---depth(n. 深度)

high----height(n.高度)

the length/depth/ width/height/size of sth. … 的长度,深度,宽度,高度,面积

5. 问事物的高,深,宽,长…?

How high/deep/tall/wide/long/is...?

How high is Qomolangma? 珠穆朗玛峰有多高?

6. The first Chinese team did so in1960, while the first woman to succeed was Junko Tabei.

1) while, 此处是而,然而,轻微对比。不是时候”, 用在句中,前面有逗号。

2) succeed. v. 成功

succeed in doing sth.

He succeeded in finishing the work. 他成功的完成了工作。

success n.“成功不可数

Confidence is the key to success. 自信是成功的关键。

success n. “成功的人,物,可数

He is a great success. 他是一个很成功的人。

successful adj. 成功的, successfully adj. 成功地

7. Adult pandas spend more than12 hours a day eating 10 kilos of bamboo.

bamboo 竹子做的食物竹子制品不可数,bamboo chair;但做植物讲时可数。

1) sb. spend + time/money + on sth./in doing sth.

2) sb. pay +money +for sth. 某人为某物支付多少钱

3) It takes sb + time+ to do sth. 花费某人多长时间做某事

4) sth + cost +money 某物值多少钱。

8. Canada is a lot less crowded than China. 加拿大不及中国拥挤很多。

less+adj+than 不及......

Joseph is less honest than his brother. 约瑟夫不像他兄弟那样诚实。

less than (中间不加任何词)少于” There are less than 30 girls in my class. 我们班不足30个女生。

more than (中间不加任何词)超过,多于,相当于over”

There are more than 30 girls in my class. 我们班有超过30个女生。

Unit8 Have you read Treasure Island

1. Have you read Little Woman yet? 你读过《小妇人》这本书吗?

现在完成时的基本句型:

肯定式:主语 + 助动词have/has + 动词的过去分词。

疑问式:助动词Have/Has + 主语 + 动词的过去分词?

否定式: 主语 + 助动词have/has + not + 动词的过去分词。

现在完成时的主要用法

1)表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果。常和副词already, yet, never, ever ,before ,just等连用。.

I have finished my homework. I am free. (我已经完成了家庭作业,对现在造成的结果是很有空)

2)表示过去已经开始, 持续到现在的动作或状态。常与since + 过去的时间点, for + 一段时间,so far 等时间状语连用。

I have learnt English for more than ten years. 我已经学了10多年的英语。(10年前开始,持续到现在还在学)

She has swum since half an hour before. 我已经游泳了半个小时。(半个小时前已经开始游泳,到现在还在游)

already/yet的区别:

already 往往用于肯定句,用在疑问句时表示强调或加强语气;yet 用于否定句和疑问句。

He has already left here. 他已经离开这里了。

My parents haven’t had breakfast yet. 我的父母还没吃早餐。

2. What’s it like? 它怎么样?

某物怎么样? What’s ++like?

How+be + 物? 某人怎么样?

What’s ++like? 用来提问人的性格

What do / does + + look like?用来提问人的外表

3. Oliver Twist is about a boy who went out to sea and found an Island full of treasures.

《雾都孤儿》讲的是一个小男孩出海并发现了一个满是珠宝的小岛的故事。

full of 充满

be full of = be filled with 充满

The cup is full of water =The cup is filled with water.

be full for 很忙 This week is full for me.

4. It’s about four sisters growing up. 它讲述的是四个姐妹的成长故事。

grow up 长大;成长

I grew up in Beijing. 我在北京长大。

grow into 长大成为

Mary grew into a beautiful girl. 玛丽长成了一个漂亮的女孩。

5. You should hurry up. 你得快点。

hurry up 赶快;急忙(做某事)(用在口语中,用来催促别人快走)

in a hurry=in one’s hurry 匆忙地

hurry to do sth 匆忙去做

hurry sb. 催促某人

6. One of them died but the other ran towards my house. 他们中的一个人死了,另一个朝我的房子这边跑过来了。

the other 另一个 , one …the other一个….另一个(仅用两者间)

other 泛指其他的人、物 作形容词或代词,其后接名词的复数形式

others 泛指另外几个,其余的 other的复数形式,在句中作主语、宾语

the others 其他东西;其余的人们,特指某一范围的其他的人或物

another 其他的;再一个;另一个,只能用于三个或更多的人或物

7. think of / think about / think over辨析

1think of, 固定短语,表示提到(某人、某物、某事或某主意等),考虑,思考,对......有某种看法,后接名词,代词、动词-ing形式。

--- What do you think of your Chinese teacher?

--- I like her very much.

2think of 表示思考,考虑,对......有某种看法时,可以与think about 互换。

What do you think of the movie? = What do you think about the movie?

3think of 表示想出,想着,想起时,不可用think about 代替。

I always think of my childhood. 我总是想起我的童年。

4think over意为仔细考虑,认真考虑,强调思考的程度比think of/about深,相当于think about...carefully 其中over是副词,宾语若是名词,则可位于over之前或之后;当宾语是代词时,则必须放在over之前。

Think it over before you do it. 三思而后行。

Unit9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?

1. —Have you ever been to…? ---你曾经去过游乐园吗?

—YesI have. / NoI haven’t. ---是的,去过。/不,没去过。

I/He/She have / has never been to… //她从没去过……

I/He/She have / has been to… many times. //她去过...…很多次。

I’d like to go there again. 我还想再去一次。

2. — Have you ever been to an amusement park? ---你曾经去过游乐园吗?

— YesI have. / NoI haven’t. ---是的,去过。/不,没去过。 点拨1

have been to+地点 去过某地

I have been to Beijing. 我去过北京。

辨析:have been tosp. have gone to sp.

have been to sp., 表示去过某处,现在已经回来了,不在那里了。

We have been to Qingdao. 我们去过青岛。(现在不在青岛)

have gone to sp., 表示到某处去了,现在还没有回来。

They have gone to Sydney. 他们去悉尼了。(现在在悉尼或在途中)

have been in sp., 表示在某处呆过多长时间。

How long have you been in China? 你在中国住了多长时间?

3. neither, nor用法相同,都用于否定的倒装,意为也不

so用于肯定的倒装。意为

否定句+neither/norbe(have, 助动词或情态动词)+另一主语,表示也不

If you won’t go, neither will I. 如果你不去,我也不去。

He isn’t a teacher, neither am I. 他不是老师,我也不是。

肯定句+sobe(have, 助动词或情态动词)+另一主语,表示

She likes apples, so does her brother. 她喜欢苹果,她弟弟也喜欢。

He is from the USA, so is his wife. 他是美国人,他妻子也是。

4. 辨析:hearhear ofhear from

(1)hear为及物动词,意为听见,听到,后可跟复合宾语

hear sb do sth表示听见某人做了某事hear sb doing sth表示听见某人正做某事

We listened but could hear nothing. 我们留心听,却什么也没有听见。

I heard her singing in her room. 我听见她正在房间里唱歌。

(2)hear还可作听说讲,后常跟that引导的宾语从句。

I heard that he was ill. 我听说他病了。

I heard that it’s a good film. 我听说那是部好影片。

(3)hear of意为听说,后跟人或物作宾语。

I’ve never heard of that place. 我从未听说过那个地方。

Have you ever heard of that story? 你听说过那个故事吗?

(4)hear from意为收到某人的来信,后跟人作宾语。

How often do you hear from your sister? 你多长时间收到你姐姐的一次信?

I heard from him last week. 我上周收到他的信。

5. findfind outlook for都含有寻找,找到的意思,但其含义和用法却不同。

(1)find意为找到,发现,通常指找到或发现具体的东西,也可指偶然发现某物或某种情况,强调的是找的结果。

Will you find me a pen? 你替我找支钢笔好吗?

He didn’t find his bike. 他没找到他的自行车。

(2)look for意为寻找,是有目的地找,强调寻找这一动作。

I don’t find my penI’m looking for it everywhere. 我没有找到我的钢笔,我正到处找。

(3)find out意为找出,发现,查明,多指通过调查、询问、打听、研究之后搞清楚,弄明白,通常含有经过困难曲折的含义,指找出较难找到的、无形的、抽象的东西。

Please find out when the train leaves. 请查一下火车什么时候离站。

Read this passageand find out the answer to this question. 读这篇短文,找出这个问题的答案。

Unit10 I’ve had this bike for three years.

1. Some… Others...

Some people still live in their hometown. However, others may only see it once or twice a year.

有些人仍然住在家乡。然而,另一些人可能一年只能回家乡一两次。

2. As for me, I did not want to give up my football shirts, but, to be honestI have not played for a while now.

至于我,我不想放弃我的足球衣。但是,说实在的,我现在巳经有一段时间没有踢(足球)了。

3. Have you ever thought about having a yard sale to sell your things? 你是否曾经想过要举办一个庭院拍卖会来出售东西?

4. What would you do with the money you raise? 你会怎么处理你所筹集到的钱?

5. 与现在完成时连用的时间状语

already (肯定句)yet (否定或疑问)justbeforenevereverrecently最近;so far 到目前为止;

表示次数的词,如:once, twice, three times

for+时间段= since+时间段+agosince+过去时间点;since+过去时的句子;

how longthese days

附:常见的非延续动词转换为延续性动词表。

1. 转换为相应的延续性动词。

borrow — keep

buy — have

put on — wear

catch/get a cold — have a cold

get to know — know

get to sleep — sleep

2. 转化为“be + 形容词/副词/介词/名词

close — be closed

open — be open

die — be dead

become — be

fall sleep — be asleep

wake up — be awake

make friends — be friends

fall/get ill — be ill

lose — be lost/missing

marry — be married

leave (+地点) — be away (from +地点)

come back/go back/return — be back

begin / start — be on

go out — be out

finish — be over

get up — be up

go to bed — be in bed

join — be in/be a member of

get to/arrive in(at)/reach — be (in/at)

come to/go to/move to — be (in/at)

 

 

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人教版八年级英语下册电子课本-人教版八年级英语下册各个单元重点知识点

常见介词用法-介词短语做什么成分-介词短语的构成

助动词的分类和用法-基本助动词有哪些-助动词do和

过去完成进行时用法-过去完成进行时与过去完成时比

动名词用法-动名词的结构和形式-动名词与现在分词
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