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人教新目标版2020年中考英语二轮复习阅读理解编习题含试卷分析答题技巧(14套)详细信息
宜城教育资源网www.ychedu.com人教新目标版2020年中考英语二轮复习阅读理解编习题含试卷分析答题技巧(14套)2019年中考英语阅读理解编习题(8)附答案【能力选练】A(2019中考训练题)PeopleoftenthinkoftheNorthPole(北极)andtheSouthPoleassimilarfrozen(冰冻的)wastelands.Theyarebothplaceswithverycoldtemperaturesandfewpeoplelivethere.However,theNorthandSouthPolesarenotmuchalikeaspeoplemayimagine.TheNorthPolehasnoland,onlythickice.Temperaturesseldomgoabove32°F,atwhichwaterturnsintoice.Mostofthetime,itstaysbelowzero.Inwintertemperaturesareusuallyaslowas-30°F.Althoughconditionswereverypoor,peopletriedformanycenturiestoreachtheNorthPole.About100yearsago,twomen,RobertPearyandMathewHenson,wereabletogettothisenvironmentfulloftroublesanddifficulties.TheyreachedtheNorthPoleonMarch8th,1909.Itwasreallyahardtripforthem.TherearefewthingsmoredangerousthancrossingtheArctic(北极圈)onfoot.Peoplewhostayedtheremayfacemanyproblems:verycoldtemperatures,suddenstorms,andevenhunger.Mostoftheareaisuninhabited.Fewpeoplecanliveinsuchadifficultplace.Peoplemightthinkthatwithsuchlowtemperaturesformostoftheyear,theicewouldbethickandhard.However,thisisnottrueintheArctic.Themovementoftheoceanwaterundertheicemayoftencausemanydifferentchangesonthesurface.Sometimestheicebreaksintotwoopeninglanesofwater(水道)called"leads".Anyonewhofallsintoaleadcanbefrozentodeathinafewminutes.1.Thispassageisprobablyfrom___________.A.abookreviewB.asciencebookC.aschoolreportD.acomputermagazine2.Accordingtothepassage,whathappenedabout100yearsago?A.TwomensucceededingettingtotheNorthPole.B.TemperaturesintheNorthPolewentabove32°F.C.TheenvironmentintheNorthPolesuddenlybecameworse.D.TheNorthPolechangedintothickicebecauseofthetemperatures.3.Whatdoestheunderlinedword"uninhabited"probablymeaninChinese?A.气候恶劣的B.充满危险的C.困难重重的D.无人居住的4.Thereasonfortheicetobreakintotwoopeninglanesofwateris_____________.A.thatthetemperaturesuddenlydropsB.thatthewaterundertheiceisfrozenC.thattheoceanwaterundertheicemovesD.thatthesurfaceiscoveredwithlotsofice5.Whatdoesthispassagemainlytalkabout?A.ThethickiceintheNorthPole.B.AdifficulttriptotheNorthPole.C.TherealsituationintheNorthPole.D.ThedifferencesbetweentheNorthPoleandtheSouthPole.【解析】试题分析:本文是一篇科普文,介绍了北极点的有关情况。首先指出北极和南极并不像人们想象的那么相像,接着从冰层厚、气温低等方面介绍恶劣的环境,然后插入了100多年前两个人克服重重困难走到北极的故事,证明了北极的大部分地区无人居住。最后介绍了海水在冰下的运动常常会引起表面上许多不同的变化。1.题意:这篇文章可能是从___________。考查综合理解题。A.abookreview一本书评;B.asciencebook一本科学书;C.aschoolreport一则学术报告;D.acomputermagazine一本计算机杂志。短文是一则科普文,根据它的体裁,应该摘自于科学书。故选B。2.题意:根据这篇文章,大约100年前发生了什么?考查细节理解题。A.TwomensucceededingettingtotheNorthPole.两个人成功地到达了北极点。根据About100yearsago,twomen,RobertPearyandMathewHenson,wereabletogettothisenvironmentfulloftroublesanddifficulties.可知,说法正确,可选。B.TemperaturesintheNorthPolewentabove32°F.北极点的温度超过华氏32度。根据原文句子Temperaturesseldomgoabove32°F,可知温度极少能超过华氏32度,故说法错误。C.TheenvironmentintheNorthPolesuddenlybecameworse.北极的环境突然变得更糟了,短文没有提及,故说法错误。D.TheNorthPolechangedintothickicebecauseofthetemperatures.北极由于气温变化变成厚厚的冰,根据However,thisisnottrueintheArctic.可知,说法错误。根据文意,可知选A。3.题意:下划线的"uninhabited"这个词在汉语中是什么意思?考查词义理解题。few一点,表否定意义。根据下文提示Fewpeoplecanliveinsuchadifficultplace.,可知很少有人能生活在这样困难的地方。故选D。4.题意:冰块断做两口水道的原因是___________。考查细节理解题。A.thatthetemperaturesuddenlydrops气温突然下降;B.thatthewaterundertheiceisfrozen冰下的水结冰了;C.thattheoceanwaterundertheicemoves冰下的海水移动了;D.thatthesurfaceiscoveredwithlotsofice表面覆盖着很多冰。根据短文最后的内容Themovementoftheoceanwaterundertheicemayoftencausemanydifferentchangesonthesurface.Sometimestheicebreaksintotwoopeninglanesofwatercalled"leads".,可知选C。5.题意:这篇文章主要讲的是什么?考查文意理解和综合理解题。A.ThethickiceintheNorthPole.北极点厚厚的冰;B.AdifficulttriptotheNorthPole.艰难的北极点之行;C.TherealsituationintheNorthPole.北极点的实际情况;D.ThedifferencesbetweentheNorthPoleandtheSouthPole.北极点和南极点之间的差异。本文的主要内容就是介绍北极点的有关情况。根据文意,可知选C。点睛:对于阅读理解题,首先要粗读文章了解大意,其次通过细读,理解全文。在粗读的基础上,仔细阅读题后所给的题目,根据题目要求,再有重点地返回来仔细阅读。在阅读理解的题目中,所设问题主要有以下几种方式:找主题或概括文章的中心思想、就文中的具体事实和情节进行提问、根据文章的表层意思进行深层次的推理判断等,在细读时,要根据设问的方式,进行有侧重地阅读。1、概括文章中心思想。1)文首呈现主题句。2)文尾出现主题句。3)首尾呼应展现主题。4)文中表述主题。前面提出问题,文中的主题由随之陈述的细节或合乎逻辑的引申在文中导出,而后再做进一步的解释。5)文章没有主题句。在这种情况下,考生要把所有的细节综合起来。进行逻辑推理,概括归纳出文章的主题句。2.掌握文章的具体事实和重要情节。在考题中,经常会见到就文章中某一具体事实和重要情节进行测试的题目。例如,第4题,题意:冰块断做两口水道的原因是___________。考查细节理解题。A.thatthetemperaturesuddenlydrops气温突然下降;B.thatthewaterundertheiceisfrozen冰下的水结冰了;C.thattheoceanwaterundertheicemoves冰下的海水移动了;D.thatthesurfaceiscoveredwithlotsofice表面覆盖着很多冰。根据短文最后的内容Themovementoftheoceanwaterundertheicemayoftencausemanydifferentchangesonthesurface.Sometimestheicebreaksintotwoopeninglanesofwatercalled"leads".,可知选C。这就要求考生在阅读时要注意辨认和记忆具体事实,重要情节,事物的起因、过程、结果及发生的地点、时间等,这些都有可能作为测试点。还有一些测试题,要求考生在理解的基础上,通过自己的思维将理解的内容系统化,比如计算、排序等题型。【能力选练】B中考英语阅读理解****外星人Shlanderisamanfromspace.Hethinksthepeopleandthingsontheearthareverystrange.Heisnowwritingalettertohisfriendathome.Hereispartofhisletter.Readitandanswerthequestions.NowIaminastrangeworld.Itisverynice.Therearemanynewthingshere.Therearemanyearthmonstershere,too.Theearthmonsterslookveryfunny.Theyhavejustonehead,twoarmsandtwolegs.Theyhavethinblackstringsontheirheads.Someearthmonstershavebrownoryellowstrings.Theearthmonstershaveaholeintheirface.Everyday,theyputnicethingsandballsfromthetreesintothehole.Theyputwaterintothehole,too.Theearthmonstersdonotwalkveryfast.Theymovefromplacetopaceintinboxes.Atnight,theearthmonstersliketolookatasquarewindowbox.Thisboxhasverysmallearthmonstersinit.根据短文内容选择正确答案。1.Shlanderthinksthepeopleandthingsontheeartharevery________.A.strangeB.niceC.differentD.beautiful2.Shlanderthinksmanontheearthis________.A.amonkeyB.aearthmonsterC.atinboxD.astrangeworld3.Theearthmonsterdoesn'thave________.A.heads,armsandlegsB.brownoryellowstringsonitsheadC.aholeonitsfaceD.aswingonitsbody4.Theearthmonstersdon'tput________ontheirholes.A.nicethingsB.ballsC.fireD.water5.Thesquarewindowboxis________.A.acarorabusB.averysmallearthmonsterC.aTVsetD.aradio答案及解析:1.A。根据Shlanderisamanfromspace.Hethinksthepeopleandthingsontheearthareverystrange(Shlander是个太空人,他认为地球上的人和物非常奇怪)就能确定正确选项。2.B。根据NowIaminastrangeworld.Itisverynice.Therearemanynewthingshere.Therearemanyearthmonstershere,too.Theearthmonsterslookveryfunny(我到了一个陌生的世界中,这个世界非常优美,有许多要学的新东西,也有许多地球怪物,这些怪物看起来挺有趣)就能确定正确选项。3.D。根据Theyhavejustonehead,twoarmsandtwolegs.Theyhavethinblackstringsontheirheads.Someearthmonstershavebrownoryellowstrings.Theearthmonstershaveaholeintheirface(地球怪物只有一个头,两只胳膊两条腿,头上有又黑又细的绳子,有的是棕色,有的是黄色,脸上还有一个洞),显然,前三个选项都是人类的特征,都不能被选。4.C。根据Everyday,theyputnicethingsandballsfromthetreesintothehole.Theyputwaterintothehole,too(每天他们把好东西和从树上摘下来的球放进洞里,也往洞里放水)就能确定正确选项(fromwww.zkenglish.com)。5.C。根据Atnight,theearthmonstersliketolookatasquarewindowbox.Thisboxhasverysmallearthmonstersinit(夜里,地球怪物喜欢看一个方形的窗台上的花盆箱,这个箱子非常小,有地球怪物在里面)就能断定文章中的方盒子就是一台电视机。【能力选练】CQuestionaireReadthequestionandanswerYESorNO,thenyouwillfindouthowgoodyouare.1.Whenyoudon'tunderstandsomething,youaskquestions.2.Youlikelisteningtoolderpeopletalkaboutthepast.3.Youthinkthatyoucanlearnsomethinginterestingfromeveryonearoundyou.4.Youarebraveenoughwhenyouhavetotalktopeopleyoudon'tknow.5.Youenjoyreadingbooksaboutfamouspeople.6.Youalwaysseeandtalktodifferentpeople.7.Youareinterestedinlearningnewwaysofdoingthings.8.Youenjoysharingexperienceswithfriendsandlearningfrompeopleofallages.9.Youtalkalotaboutyourself.10.Evenifyouareoftenwrong,youmakeyourowndecisions.11.Youhateteachingwhatyouaregoodat:sports,technology,whatever.12.Yourparentsdon'tunderstandyou,soyoudon'ttalktothemmuch.SCORENOW:Score2pointsifyouanswerYEStoeachofthefirst8questions,and0ifyouchooseNO.Score2pointsifyouanswerNOtoeachofthelast4questions,and0ifyouchooseYES.18~24Youarefriendlyandopen?minded.Youmakepeoplefeelimportantbylisteningtowhattheyhavetosay.You'llprobablysucceedinlearningallkindsofinterestingthings.Goodforyou!10~16Rememberthateverysinglepersonyouknowcanteachyousomething.Youwillgreatlymakeyourliferichandcolorful.0~8About400yearsago,afamouswriterwrote,"Nomanisanisland".Thisisstilltruetoday.Trytobemoreopenandinterestedinpeoplearoundyou.()1.Ifyousay"YES"toallthesequestions,you'llget______points.A.12 B.16C.20 D.24()2.Whenyouscore22points,youare______.A.shyandnervous B.silentandseriousC.openandfriendly D.braveandstrong()3.Thewriterthinksyoushould______.A.alwaysseeandtalktothesamepeople B.makeyourowndecisionwheneveryouwantC.enjoyteachingwhatyouaregoodat D.talkmuchaboutyourselveswhenpossible()4."Nomanisanisland."intheformprobablymeansthat______.A.thefamouswriterwasveryclever B.everythingisthesameas400yearsagoC.youwillfeellonelyifonanisland D.youcannotlivealoneintheworld()5.Thequestionsareusedtotestwhetheryouarewillingto______.A.learnfromothers B.helpotherpeopleC.doallbyyourself D.dependonothers参考答案1~5BCCDA【能力选练】D阅读下列短文,选出最佳选项。Markbegantointroducetheguestspeakertothelisteners,butthenstoppedforawhile.Hehadforgottenhername.Barbarahidhervaluablethingswhenshewentonvacation.Whenshecameback,shecouldn'trememberwhereshe'dputthem.Perhapsyou'vehadsuchexperienceslikethese.Mostpeoplehave.Butmostofthemhaven'trealizedthattheyhaveamemoryproblem.Neitherdotheyknowasimplebutimportantfact:Memorycanbeimproved.Ifyou'lljustacceptthat,thefollowingwillshowyouhow.First,relax.Ifyouareoverworriedaboutsomething,you'llforgetit.Ifyoukeeptellingyourselfthatyourmemoryisbad,yourmindwillcometobelieveitandyouwon'trememberthings.Whenyouforgetsomething,don'tfollowupwithsayinglike"Oh,mygod!Ialwaysforgetthings!"Suchwordswillhaveabadresultonyouandyourmemory.Butrelaxingisn'tenough.Toimproveyourmemory,you'llneedtotakeanactiverole.Likeyourbody,yourmemorycanbemadestrongthroughexercise.Lookforopportunitiestoexerciseyourmemory.Forexample,ifyou'relearningalanguage,trytoactivelyrememberalotofnewwords.Ifyoudon'ttakenoticeofthingsactively,youwon'trememberthem.So,youcanmakepicturesofwhatyouseeinyourmindeveryday.Forexample,don'tjustputyourkeysdown!Ifyouwanttofindthemagain,makeamindpictureoftheplacewhereyou'reputtingthem.1.Thefirsttwoparagraphsjusttellus.A.Barbarawasaveryrichperson.B.examplesofmemoryproblemsC.Markoftenforgothisfriends'names D.languageproblemsoftwopersons2.Whenyouforgetthings,you_______.A.mustbetoocareless B.shouldn'ttakenoticeoftheresultC.mustacceptthefact D.shouldn'tloseheartaboutyourmemory3.Theword"opportunities"inthefifthparagraphmeans"_______."A.places B.doctors. C.chances D.positions4.Accordingtothepassage,_____canmakeyourmemorybetter.A.realizingyourmemoryproblems B.talkingtoyourfriendsC.doingsportseveryday D.makingmindpicturesofwhatyousee5.Thepurposeofthepassageistohelpyou______.A.tointroducetheguest  B.toimproveyourmemoryC.toremembernewwords D.toforgetunhappythings【参考答案】1-5、BDCDB 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人教新目标版2020年中考英语二轮复习阅读理解编习题含试卷分析答题技巧(14套)
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人教新目标版2020年中考英语二轮复习阅读理解编习题含试卷分析答题技巧(14套)

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