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山东省枣庄市2019年中考英语试题含试卷分析答题技巧详细信息
宜城教育资源网www.ychedu.com山东省枣庄市2019年中考英语试题含试卷分析答题技巧2019年山东省枣庄市中考英语试卷第一部分听力(听力填空题,共4节,1-15小题,每小题5分,满分25分;16~20小题,每小题5分,满分25分,共25分)1.(5分)第一节根据你听到的内容,选出相应的图片.2.(5分)第二节根据你听到的内容,判断下列句子是否符合你听到的对话内容,符合的用"T"表示,不符合的用"F"表示.(1)ChineseisSally,sfavoritesubject.(2)SallyattendsalotoflessonsonThursday.(3)Sally'smathteacher,MissGreenisfun.(4)Sallythinksscienceiseasyandinteresting.(5)Sallydoesn'tlikeherartlesson.3.(5分)第三节你会听到五个人谈论关于学习英语的方法.从A到E的列表中,为每个说话者选择表达每个人观点的字母.每个字母只用一遍.(1)Speaker1 A.PracticespeakingEnglishbyjoininganEnglishlanguageclub.(2)Speaker2 B.WriteEnglishbykeepingadiaryinit.(3)Speaker3 C.Rememberwordsbywritingandlookingagainatthem.(4)Speaker4 D.PronouncewordsrightbylisteningtoEnglishsongsandsayingthewordsagainandagain.(5)Speaker5 E.Practicewritingbyfindingapenpal.4.(10分)第四节你会听到一段短文,请根据所听内容完成下面的填空.每个空不超过三个字.Howcanwemake,acceptanddeclineinvitations?MakeaninvitationDearclassmates,…Toshowhowmuchwe'regoingto(1)her,…Canyoucometotheparty?Ilookforward(2)hearing…TurndownaninvitationHiDavid,Thankssomuchfor(3)this,I'dstillbegladto(4)anyof..Letmeknowifyouneedanyhelp.AcceptaninvitationHiDavid,Whatagreatidea!I(5)likeMs.Steenalot.ShehelpedmetoimprovemyEnglishsomuch.I'msadtoseehergo,andthispartyisthebestwaytosay"Thankyouandgoodbye."第二部分阅读(共4小题;每小题10分,满分40分)5.(10分)读下面关于大象的文章,然后回答文章后的问题.Hello.WearestudentsfromThailand,andwewanttosavetheelephants.TheelephantisoneofThailand'ssymbols.Ourfirstflaghadawhiteelephantonit.Thisisasymbolofgoodluck.Elephantsaresmartanimals.Theycanplaysoccerormusic.Theycanalsodrawverywell.Peoplesaythat"anelephantneverforgets".Elephantscanwalkforalongtimeandnevergetlost.Theycanalsorememberplaceswithfoodandwater.Thishelpsthemtolive.Butelephantsareingreatdanger.Peoplecutdownmanytreessoelephantsarelosingtheirhomes.Peoplealsokillelephantsfortheirivory.Todaythereareonlyabout3,000elephants(over100,000before),Wemustsavethetreesandnotbuythingsmadeofivory.RememberthatMarch13thisThaiElephantDay.(1)What'sthetopicofthispassage?(2)WhyareelephantsimportantinThailand?(3)Whatcantheelephantdo?(Twoexamples)(4)Whyareelephantsindanger?(5)Whatcanpeopledotosavetheelephants?6.(10分)读下面关于感恩节的文章,然后判断文章后面的问题,正确的答案写T,错误的答案写F.Inmostcountries,peopleusuallyeattraditionalfoodonspecialholidays.AspecialdayintheUnitedStatesisThanksgiving.ItisalwaysonthefourthThursdayinNovember,andisatimetogivethanksforfoodintheautumn.Atthistime,peoplealsorememberthefirsttravelersfromEnglandwhocametoliveinAmericaabout400yearsago.Thesetravelershadalong,hardwinter,andmanyofthemdied.Inthenextautumn,theygavethanksforlifeandfoodintheirnewhome.Thesedays,mostAmericansstillcelebratethisideaofgivingthanksbyhavingabigmealathomewiththeirfamily.Themaindishofthismealisalmostalwaysturkey,alargebird.Makingaturkeydinner.HereisonewaytomaketurkeyforaThanksgivingdinner.First,mixtogethersomebreadpieces,onions,saltandpepper.Next,filltheturkeywiththisbreadmix.Then,puttheturkeyinahotovenandcookitforafewhours.Whenitisready,platetheturkeyonalargeplateandcoveritwithgravy.Finally,cuttheturkeyintothinpiecesandeatthemeatwithvegetableslikecarrotsandpotatoes.(1)ThanksgivingisonthefourthTuesdayinNovemberintheUSA.(2)Peoplecelebratethefestivaltobethankfulforfoodintheautumnandlifeintheirhome.(3)Peoplecelebratethefestivalbyonlyeatingalargebirdcalledturkey.(4)Theturkeyisfullofbreadpieces,onions,saltandpepperbeforebeingcooked.(5)Theturkeyhasbeencookedatahightemperatureforalongtimebeforeitisputonthetable.7.(10分)读下面有关一个学生的问题的文章,在每个题目下做简短的笔记DearMr.Hunt,MyproblemisthatIcan'tgetonwithmyfamily.Relationsbetweenmyparentshavebecomedifficult.Theyfightalot,andIreallydon'tlikeit.It'stheonlycommunicationtheyhave.IdontknowifIshouldsayanythingtothemaboutthis.Whentheyargue,it'slikeabig,blackcloudhangingoverourhome.Also,myelderbrotherisnotverynicetome.HealwaysrefusestoletmewatchmyfavoriteTVshow.Insteadhewatcheswhateverhewantsuntillateatnight.Idon'tthinkthisisfair,AthomeIalwaysfeellonelyandnervous.Isthatnormal?WhatcanIdo?SadandThirteenDearSadandThirteen,It'snoteasybeingyourage,andit'snorthesefeelings.Whydon'tyoutalkaboutthesefeelingswithyourfamily?Ifyourparentsarehavingproblems,youshouldoffertohelp.Maybeyoucoulddomorejobsaroundthehousesothattheyhavemoretimeforpropercommunication.Secondly,whydon'tyousitdownandcommunicatewithyourbrother?Youshouldexplainthatyoudon'tmindhimwatchingTVallthetime.However,heshouldletyouwatchyourfavoriteshow,Ihopethingswillbebetterforyousoon.Mr.Hunt(1)①Thewriter'smainproblem:②Thewriter'sproblemabouthis/herparents:(2)①Thewriter'sproblemabouthis/herbrother:②Thewriter'sproblemabouthimself/herself:(3)TheadvicethatMr.Huntgivesabouthis/herproblemwithhis/herbrother:(4)Pleasefindthesentenceinthepassagethathasthesamemeaningas"Hedoesn'talwaysallowmetowatchtheTVprogramIlikebest."(请在本文中找与划线句子意思相同的句子)(5)Thelanguagegoals(语言目标)ofthispassage:8.(10分)五选五根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入下列小题横线上的最佳选项.WhenwillRestallwasinfifthgrade,hereceivedbussafetytrainingatschool.Localbusdriverstaughtstudentsabouthowtousethebuses'two﹣wayradios,Atwowayradioisaradiothatcanbothsendandreceivemessages,(1).Andtheyshowedthestudentshowtousetheminemergency(R8ag)situations.Willusedwhathelearnedtohelpahurtbusdrivergetquickmedicaltreatment,Peopleinhishometownnowcallthe11﹣yearoldaheroforhisbraveactions.Willwastakingthebustoschoolonemorning.(2).Hehadtowait10minutesorsobeforehecouldgetoffthebus.Butthenheheardaloudnoiseandlookeduptoseewhathappened.(3).Shehadpassedoutandfelloveronthebusstairs.Willlefthisseat,grabbedthetwo﹣wayradioandreportedthatthedriverwashurt.(4).Soon,anotherbusdriverandanambulance(救护车)arrivedtohelp.Whentheygotthere,thebusdriverwasawakeandsittingup,butnotspeaking.Theysentthedrivertothehospital.Willandeveryoneelseonthebuswenttoclassasusual.Will'sbraveactionsattractedalotofattention.(5),althoughhedidn'twanttobethespotlight(公众注意的焦点),"Ihadtoaskhim,"saidhisfather,"TimRestalA:Likeeveryotherstudentonthebus,willwasplayingavideogameonhisphoneB:AlocalTVstationeveninterviewedhimC:Theusercanbothtalkandlisten,it'salsocalledwalkie﹣talkies(对讲机)D.Hesawthatthebusdriverwasnolongerinthedriver'sseatE.TheradiosoneachbusletWill'sfriendshearhimreporttheemergency第三部分语言知识运用(共2题,20分)9.(10分)第一节语法填空阅读下面材料,并填空,有的答案要填入适当的内容,有的答案要用括号内单词的正确形式,但每个答案不多于3个单词.Oneoftheworld'smostdangeroussportsismountainclimbing,andoneofthe(1)popularplacesforthisistheHimalayas.TheHimalayas(2)(run)alongthesouthwesternpartofChina.Ofallthemountains,Qomolangmarisesthehighestandisthemostfamous.(3)is8,844.43metershighandsoisvery(4)(danger)toclimb.Itisveryhardtotakeinairasyougetnearthetop.ThefirstChineseteam(5)(reach)thetopin1960,while(6)firstwomantosucceedwasJunkoTaibeifromJapanin1975.Whydosomanyclimbersrisktheirlives?Oneofthemain(7)(reason)isthatpeoplewanttochallengethemselves(8)ofdifficulties,Thespiritoftheseclimbersshowsusthatweshouldnevergiveup(9)(try)toachieveourdreams.Italsoshowsthathumans(10)(be)strongerthantheforcesofnatureinsomesituations第二节根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每个空格填一个单词.(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)10.(2分)但是,说实在的,现在他已经有一段时间没玩了.…but,behasnotplayedforawhilenow.11.(2分)我们在新的旅行启程之际,不应忘了我们来自何处.Asweonournewjourney,weshouldn'tforgetwherewecamefrom.12.(2分)汤姆跟他爸爸聊聊这个问题,他就已经解决了问题的一半.Tom'shalfwayaproblemjustbytalkingtohisfatheraboutit!13.(2分)咱们午饭吃水饺吧.你看可以吗?Let'seatdumplingsforlunch.Isthisyou?14.(2分)后来我姐姐告诉我蛇能够感到东西在移动.Mysistertoldmelaterthatsnakescanthings.第四部分写作(共2题,满分15分)15.(15分)第一节大意总结读下面关于鲨鱼的文章,请根据问题提示,尽可能用自己的话写出大意总结,词数不少于60,不多于80词.注意:在文章后标清你写的字数.Manyhaveheardofsharkfinsoup.ThisfamousandexpensivedishisespeciallypopularinsouthernChina.Butdoyourealizethatyou'rekillingawholesharkeachtimeyouenjoyabowlofsharkfinsoup?Whenpeoplecatchsharks,theycutofftheirfinsandthrowthesharksbackintotheocean.Thisisnotonlycruel,butalsoharmfultotheenvironment.Withoutafin,asharkcannolongerswimandslowlydies.Sharksareatthetopofthefoodchainintheocean'secosystem.Iftheirnumbersdroptoolow,itwillbringdangertoalloceanlife.Manybelievethatsharkscanneverbeendangeredbecausetheyarethestrongestintheirfoodchain.Butinfact,around70millionsharksarecaughtandtradedinthisindustryeveryyear.Thenumbersofsomekindsofsharkshavefallenbyover90percentinthelast20to30years.Environmentalprotectiongroupsaroundtheworld,suchasWildAidandtheWWF,areteachingthepublicabout"finning".Theyhaveevenaskedgovernmentstodeveloplawstostopthesaleofsharkfins.Sofar,noscientificstudieshaveshownthatshark'sfinsaregoodforhealth,sowhyeatthem?Helpsavethesharks!(1)Dosouthernersliketoeatsharkfinsoup?Why?(because)(2)Isgettingthesharkfinveryfriendly?(but)Howdopeoplegetthesharkfin?(and)(3)Whydosharkswithoutfinsslowlydieaftertheyarethrownbackintotheocean?(because)(4)Iftherearefewerandfewersharks,whatwillhappentotheenvironment?(5)Doestheauthorsaynotoeatingsharkfinsoup?Doestheauthorwantpeopletoprotectthesharks?(and)第二节书面表达(共1题,满分20分)16.(20分)Writeareview(评论)ofthefollowingstoryinabout120words.Thereviewhastoincludethefollowingpoints.(阅读下面的故事,请根据下面的提示,写出一篇约120词的评论).(1)Thetitleofyourreview.(你撰写的评论的标题.)(2)Youridea(s),examplesandthereason(s)forunhappinessandhappinessinthestory.(你归纳的关于故事中幸福和不幸福的观点,举例子并说明原因.)(3)Youridea(s)ofhappiness,examplesforhappinessinyourdailylife.(归纳你在日常生活中关于幸福的观点,并举例说明.)(4)Yourconclusionabouthappiness.(关于幸福的结论.)(5)Thewordsyoumayuse.(你可能用到的词)besatisfiedwith(对……满意)desiren.欲望contentment知足thekey(关键)tohappiness.Alongtimeago,inarichandbeautifulcountry,therelivedanunhappyking.Hesleptbadlyanddidn'tfeellikeeating.Heoftencriedfornoreason.Thismadethequeenandhispeopleworried.Sotheycalledadoctortoexaminehim.Buthefoundnothingwrongwithhisbody.Hesaidwhatthekingneededwastheshirtofahappypersontowear.Thatwouldmakehimhappy.Theprimeministerwascalledtothepalace.Butwhentheyexplainedtheking'ssituationtohim,hesaid,"AlthoughIhavealotofpower,itdoesn'tmakemehappy.I'malwaysworriedaboutlosingmypower."Thentheking'sbankercametosay,I'mafraidI'mnothappyeither.Ihavealotofwealth,butI'malwaysworriedaboutlosingmoney.Someonetriestostealmymoney.Next,thepalacesingerwascalledtosay,"I'mfamousbutI'mnothappybecauseI'mworriedaboutbeingfollowedbyothers.Ican'tbefree."Finally,thetopgeneralwastoldtogoouttofindahappyman.Hesearchedandsearchedbutcouldn'tfindanyone.Everyoneseemedtohavetheirownproblems,andnoonewastrulyhappy.Justashewantedtogiveup.hesawapoormanonthestreet.Hewaseatingwithhishandsandsinginghappilytohimself.Thegeneralwenttohimandsaid,"Whatmakesyousohappy?Youhavenopower,money,orfame."Themansaid,"IhaveeverythingIwant.andIdon'twantwhatIcan'thave.SoI'mhappy,andmysongcomesfromthehappinessinmyheart.""Canyougiveyourshirttome,Ineedit,"saidthegeneral."Whatshirt?Idon'thaveanyshirts."answeredtheman.2019年山东省枣庄市中考英语试卷参考答案与试题解析第一部分听力(听力填空题,共4节,1-15小题,每小题5分,满分25分;16~20小题,每小题5分,满分25分,共25分)1.(5分)第一节根据你听到的内容,选出相应的图片.【分析】略【解答】ADEGC【点评】略2.(5分)第二节根据你听到的内容,判断下列句子是否符合你听到的对话内容,符合的用"T"表示,不符合的用"F"表示.(1)ChineseisSally,sfavoritesubject.(2)SallyattendsalotoflessonsonThursday.(3)Sally'smathteacher,MissGreenisfun.(4)Sallythinksscienceiseasyandinteresting.(5)Sallydoesn'tlikeherartlesson.【分析】略【解答】FTTFF【点评】略3.(5分)第三节你会听到五个人谈论关于学习英语的方法.从A到E的列表中,为每个说话者选择表达每个人观点的字母.每个字母只用一遍.(1)Speaker1 A.PracticespeakingEnglishbyjoininganEnglishlanguageclub.(2)Speaker2 B.WriteEnglishbykeepingadiaryinit.(3)Speaker3 C.Rememberwordsbywritingandlookingagainatthem.(4)Speaker4 D.PronouncewordsrightbylisteningtoEnglishsongsandsayingthewordsagainandagain.(5)Speaker5 E.Practicewritingbyfindingapenpal.【分析】略【解答】DCAEB【点评】略4.(10分)第四节你会听到一段短文,请根据所听内容完成下面的填空.每个空不超过三个字.Howcanwemake,acceptanddeclineinvitations?MakeaninvitationDearclassmates,…Toshowhowmuchwe'regoingto(1)her,…Canyoucometotheparty?Ilookforward(2)hearing…TurndownaninvitationHiDavid,Thankssomuchfor(3)this,I'dstillbegladto(4)anyof..Letmeknowifyouneedanyhelp.AcceptaninvitationHiDavid,Whatagreatidea!I(5)likeMs.Steenalot.ShehelpedmetoimprovemyEnglishsomuch.I'msadtoseehergo,andthispartyisthebestwaytosay"Thankyouandgoodbye."【分析】略【解答】(1)miss;(2)to;(3)pianning;(4)helpoutwith;(5)really【点评】略第二部分阅读(共4小题;每小题10分,满分40分)5.(10分)读下面关于大象的文章,然后回答文章后的问题.Hello.WearestudentsfromThailand,andwewanttosavetheelephants.TheelephantisoneofThailand'ssymbols.Ourfirstflaghadawhiteelephantonit.Thisisasymbolofgoodluck.Elephantsaresmartanimals.Theycanplaysoccerormusic.Theycanalsodrawverywell.Peoplesaythat"anelephantneverforgets".Elephantscanwalkforalongtimeandnevergetlost.Theycanalsorememberplaceswithfoodandwater.Thishelpsthemtolive.Butelephantsareingreatdanger.Peoplecutdownmanytreessoelephantsarelosingtheirhomes.Peoplealsokillelephantsfortheirivory.Todaythereareonlyabout3,000elephants(over100,000before),Wemustsavethetreesandnotbuythingsmadeofivory.RememberthatMarch13thisThaiElephantDay.(1)What'sthetopicofthispassage?It'selephants.(2)WhyareelephantsimportantinThailand?BecausetheelephantisoneofThailand'ssymbols,theirfirstflaghadawhiteelephantonitandthisisasymbolofgoodluck.(3)Whatcantheelephantdo?(Twoexamples)Elephantscanwalkforalongtimeandnevergetlost.Theycanalsorememberplaceswithfoodandwater.(4)Whyareelephantsindanger?Peoplecutdownmanytreessoelephantsarelosingtheirhomesandtheyalsokillelephantsfortheirivory.(5)Whatcanpeopledotosavetheelephants?Theymustsavethetreesandnotbuythingsmadeofivory.【分析】这是一篇阅读表达,主要介绍了大象的故事.【解答】(1)主旨大意题,题目问这篇文章的主题是什么,根据WearestudentsfromThailand,andwewanttosavetheelephants.我们是来自泰国的学生,我们想拯救大象.本文是围绕大象展开的.因此主题就是大象.故答案为It'selephants.(2)细节理解题,题目问为什么大象在泰国很重要,根据TheelephantisoneofThailand'ssymbols.Ourfirstflaghadawhiteelephantonit.Thisisasymbolofgoodluck.大象是泰国的标志之一.我们的国旗上有一个白色的大象.这是好运的象征.故答案为BecausetheelephantisoneofThailand'ssymbols,theirfirstflaghadawhiteelephantonitandthisisasymbolofgoodluck.(3)细节理解题,题目问大象能做什么,根据Theycanplaysoccerormusic.Theycanalsodrawverywell.Elephantscanwalkforalongtimeandnevergetlost.Theycanalsorememberplaceswithfoodandwater.他们会踢足球或玩音乐.他们也可以很好地画画.大象可以走很久的路并且不会迷路.他们能记得有食物和水的地方.四个句子选择其中两个回答即可.故答案为Elephantscanwalkforalongtimeandnevergetlost.Theycanalsorememberplaceswithfoodandwater.(4)细节理解题,题目问为什么大象濒临灭绝.根据Butelephantsareingreatdanger.Peoplecutdownmanytreessoelephantsarelosingtheirhomes.Peoplealsokillelephantsfortheirivory.但是大象濒临灭绝.人们砍了许多树因此大象正在失去家园.人们也杀大象取象牙.故答案为Peoplecutdownmanytreessoelephantsarelosingtheirhomesandtheyalsokillelephantsfortheirivory.(5)细节理解题,题目问人们可以怎么做去拯救大象,根据Wemustsavethetreesandnotbuythingsmadeofivory.我们必须保护树木并且不购买象牙制品.故答案为Theymustsavethetreesandnotbuythingsmadeofivory.【点评】认真阅读文章,仔细阅读题目的问题,根据问题在原文中找答案,回答时注意人称的变化.6.(10分)读下面关于感恩节的文章,然后判断文章后面的问题,正确的答案写T,错误的答案写F.Inmostcountries,peopleusuallyeattraditionalfoodonspecialholidays.AspecialdayintheUnitedStatesisThanksgiving.ItisalwaysonthefourthThursdayinNovember,andisatimetogivethanksforfoodintheautumn.Atthistime,peoplealsorememberthefirsttravelersfromEnglandwhocametoliveinAmericaabout400yearsago.Thesetravelershadalong,hardwinter,andmanyofthemdied.Inthenextautumn,theygavethanksforlifeandfoodintheirnewhome.Thesedays,mostAmericansstillcelebratethisideaofgivingthanksbyhavingabigmealathomewiththeirfamily.Themaindishofthismealisalmostalwaysturkey,alargebird.Makingaturkeydinner.HereisonewaytomaketurkeyforaThanksgivingdinner.First,mixtogethersomebreadpieces,onions,saltandpepper.Next,filltheturkeywiththisbreadmix.Then,puttheturkeyinahotovenandcookitforafewhours.Whenitisready,platetheturkeyonalargeplateandcoveritwithgravy.Finally,cuttheturkeyintothinpiecesandeatthemeatwithvegetableslikecarrotsandpotatoes.(1)ThanksgivingisonthefourthTuesdayinNovemberintheUSA.F(2)Peoplecelebratethefestivaltobethankfulforfoodintheautumnandlifeintheirhome.T(3)Peoplecelebratethefestivalbyonlyeatingalargebirdcalledturkey.F(4)Theturkeyisfullofbreadpieces,onions,saltandpepperbeforebeingcooked.T(5)Theturkeyhasbeencookedatahightemperatureforalongtimebeforeitisputonthetable.T【分析】本文介绍的是美国感恩节的由来及人们庆祝感恩节的方式.【解答】1.F细节理解题根据文中的句子ItisalwaysonthefourthThursdayinNovember,可知感恩节是在11月份的第四个星期四,而不是星期二,所以题目中说美国的感恩节是在十一月的第四星期二是错误的.故答案为F.2.T细节理解题文中在介绍感恩节由来的时候,有句子说Inthenextautumn,theygavethanksforlifeandfoodintheirnewhome,"在第二年秋季,他们在新的家里对拥有的生活和食物表示感谢".因此可以看出这道题是正确的.故答案为T.3.F细节理解题题目的意思是说"人们通过只吃一种叫火鸡的大的禽类来庆祝感恩节".而根据文章内容Themaindishofthismealisalmostalwaysturkey,"这顿饭的主菜差不多总是火鸡".所以看出火鸡是主菜而不是唯一的.故答案为F.4.T细节理解题根据制作火鸡的过程的前两步,可以看出,首先要把面包片,洋葱,盐,胡椒混合好,然后把它们填加在火鸡中.所以这道题说"在火鸡被熏考之前,要用面包片,洋葱,盐和胡椒填充"是正确的.故答案为T.5.T细节理解题根据制作火鸡步骤的句子puttheturkeyinahotovenandcookitforafewhours,可以看出火鸡要放在高温的烤炉里烤几个小时,因此说火鸡在端上餐桌前要在高温下熏烤很长时间是正确的.故答案为T.【点评】首先应通读全文,了解文章的大概意思,然后看后面的问题,弄懂意思以后再次细读原文,有针对性地在原文当中查找有用的信息,认真分析比较就可以做出判断.7.(10分)读下面有关一个学生的问题的文章,在每个题目下做简短的笔记DearMr.Hunt,MyproblemisthatIcan'tgetonwithmyfamily.Relationsbetweenmyparentshavebecomedifficult.Theyfightalot,andIreallydon'tlikeit.It'stheonlycommunicationtheyhave.IdontknowifIshouldsayanythingtothemaboutthis.Whentheyargue,it'slikeabig,blackcloudhangingoverourhome.Also,myelderbrotherisnotverynicetome.HealwaysrefusestoletmewatchmyfavoriteTVshow.Insteadhewatcheswhateverhewantsuntillateatnight.Idon'tthinkthisisfair,AthomeIalwaysfeellonelyandnervous.Isthatnormal?WhatcanIdo?SadandThirteenDearSadandThirteen,It'snoteasybeingyourage,andit'snorthesefeelings.Whydon'tyoutalkaboutthesefeelingswithyourfamily?Ifyourparentsarehavingproblems,youshouldoffertohelp.Maybeyoucoulddomorejobsaroundthehousesothattheyhavemoretimeforpropercommunication.Secondly,whydon'tyousitdownandcommunicatewithyourbrother?Youshouldexplainthatyoudon'tmindhimwatchingTVallthetime.However,heshouldletyouwatchyourfavoriteshow,Ihopethingswillbebetterforyousoon.Mr.Hunt(1)①Thewriter'smainproblem:Hecan'tgetonwithhisfamily.②Thewriter'sproblemabouthis/herparents:Relationsbetweenhisparentshavebecomedifficult.Theyfightalot.(2)①Thewriter'sproblemabouthis/herbrother:Hiselderbrotherisnotverynicetohim.②Thewriter'sproblemabouthimself/herself:Talkaboutproblemsandgiveadvice.(3)TheadvicethatMr.Huntgivesabouthis/herproblemwithhis/herbrother:Sitdownandcommunicatewithhisbrother.(4)Pleasefindthesentenceinthepassagethathasthesamemeaningas"Hedoesn'talwaysallowmetowatchtheTVprogramIlikebest."(请在本文中找与划线句子意思相同的句子)HealwaysrefusestoletmewatcchmyfavoriteTVshow.(5)Thelanguagegoals(语言目标)ofthispassage:Talkaboutproblemsandgiveadvice.【分析】本文是一篇综合型阅读,主要介绍了一个男孩写给Mr.Hunt的一封信,以及Mr.Hunt给他回复的相关建议.【解答】(1)Hecan'tgetonwithhisfamily.Relationsbetweenhisparentshavebecomedifficult.Theyfightalot;细节理解题,根据原文MyproblemisthatIcan'tgetonwithmyfamily,我的问题就是我不能和我的家人相处好.Relationsbetweenmyparentshavebecomedifficult.Theyfightalot,我父母之间的关系变得很艰难,他们经常吵架.故得此答案.(2)Hiselderbrotherisnotverynicetohim;Hefeelslonelyandnervous.细节理解题,根据原文myelderbrotherisnotverynicetome我的哥哥对我不友好.AthomeIalwaysfeellonelyandnervous在家我总是感到孤独和紧张.故得此答案.(3)Sitdownandcommunicatewithhisbrother.细节理解题,根据原文whydon'tyousitdownandcommunicatewithyourbrother?为什么不坐下来和你哥哥沟通下?故得此答案.(4)HealwaysrefusestoletmewatchmyfavoriteTVshow.细节理解题,根据题目Hedoesn'talwaysallowmetowatchtheTVprogramIlikebest,他总是不让我看我最喜欢的电视节目.即文中的HealwaysrefusestoletmewatchmyfavoriteTVshow.故得此答案.(5)Talkaboutproblemsandgiveadvice.语言目标题,根据原文,SadandThirteen提出了自己的问题,与父母,与哥哥的问题,而Mr.Hunt针对问题给出了相应的建议.所以语言目标就是谈论问题和给建议.故得此答案.【点评】考查英语知识的综合运用,答题前一定要弄懂全文,然后再动手解答问题.答题过程中,注意联系前后文,结合短文内容,完成各小题的解答.8.(10分)五选五根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入下列小题横线上的最佳选项.WhenwillRestallwasinfifthgrade,hereceivedbussafetytrainingatschool.Localbusdriverstaughtstudentsabouthowtousethebuses'two﹣wayradios,Atwowayradioisaradiothatcanbothsendandreceivemessages,(1)C.Andtheyshowedthestudentshowtousetheminemergency(R8ag)situations.Willusedwhathelearnedtohelpahurtbusdrivergetquickmedicaltreatment,Peopleinhishometownnowcallthe11﹣yearoldaheroforhisbraveactions.Willwastakingthebustoschoolonemorning.(2)A.Hehadtowait10minutesorsobeforehecouldgetoffthebus.Butthenheheardaloudnoiseandlookeduptoseewhathappened.(3)D.Shehadpassedoutandfelloveronthebusstairs.Willlefthisseat,grabbedthetwo﹣wayradioandreportedthatthedriverwashurt.(4)E.Soon,anotherbusdriverandanambulance(救护车)arrivedtohelp.Whentheygotthere,thebusdriverwasawakeandsittingup,butnotspeaking.Theysentthedrivertothehospital.Willandeveryoneelseonthebuswenttoclassasusual.Will'sbraveactionsattractedalotofattention.(5)B,althoughhedidn'twanttobethespotlight(公众注意的焦点),"Ihadtoaskhim,"saidhisfather,"TimRestalA:Likeeveryotherstudentonthebus,willwasplayingavideogameonhisphoneB:AlocalTVstationeveninterviewedhimC:Theusercanbothtalkandlisten,it'salsocalledwalkie﹣talkies(对讲机)D.Hesawthatthebusdriverwasnolongerinthedriver'sseatE.TheradiosoneachbusletWill'sfriendshearhimreporttheemergency【分析】短文讲了WillRestall上五年级时,在坐公交车时,司机突然昏倒,他用对讲机救了司机.【解答】细节推理题.1.C根据前句Localbusdriverstaughtstudentsabouthowtousethebuses'two﹣wayradios,Atwowayradioisaradiothatcanbothsendandreceivemessages,当地的公共汽车司机教学生如何使用公共汽车的双向无线电,双向无线电是一种既能发送又能接收信息的无线电,可知结合选项,应说用户可以说话也可以听,它也被称为对讲机.故选C.2.A根据后句Hehadtowait10minutesorsobeforehecouldgetoffthebus.他不得不等10分钟左右才能下车.可知结合选项,应说和公车上的其他学生一样,威尔正在用手机玩电子游戏.故选A.3.D根据后句Shehadpassedoutandfelloveronthebusstairs.她昏了过去,倒在公共汽车的台阶上.可知结合选项,应说他看到公共汽车司机不在驾驶座上了,故选D.4.E根据前句Willlefthisseat,grabbedthetwo﹣wayradioandreportedthatthedriverwashurt.威尔离开座位,抓起对讲机,报告司机受伤.可知结合选项,应说每辆公共汽车上的收音机让威尔的朋友们听到他报告紧急情况.故选E.5.B根据前句Will'sbraveactionsattractedalotofattention.威尔的勇敢行为引起了很多关注.可知结合选项,应说当地一家电视台甚至采访了他.故选B.【点评】做题时结合原文和题目有针对性找出相关语句进行仔细分析,结合选项选出正确答案.推理判断也是要在抓住关键句子的基础上合理的分析才能得出正确的答案.第三部分语言知识运用(共2题,20分)9.(10分)第一节语法填空阅读下面材料,并填空,有的答案要填入适当的内容,有的答案要用括号内单词的正确形式,但每个答案不多于3个单词.Oneoftheworld'smostdangeroussportsismountainclimbing,andoneofthe(1)mostpopularplacesforthisistheHimalayas.TheHimalayas(2)run(run)alongthesouthwesternpartofChina.Ofallthemountains,Qomolangmarisesthehighestandisthemostfamous.(3)Itis8,844.43metershighandsoisvery(4)dangerous(danger)toclimb.Itisveryhardtotakeinairasyougetnearthetop.ThefirstChineseteam(5)reached(reach)thetopin1960,while(6)thefirstwomantosucceedwasJunkoTaibeifromJapanin1975.Whydosomanyclimbersrisktheirlives?Oneofthemain(7)reasons(reason)isthatpeoplewanttochallengethemselves(8)inthefaceofdifficulties,Thespiritoftheseclimbersshowsusthatweshouldnevergiveup(9)trying(try)toachieveourdreams.Italsoshowsthathumans(10)maybe(be)strongerthantheforcesofnatureinsomesituations【分析】世界上最危险的运动之一是爬山,最受欢迎的地方之一是喜马拉雅山.第一支中国队在1960年登上顶峰,而第一位成功的女性是日本的JunkoTaibei在1975年登上登峰.面对困难,我们不应该放弃努力实现梦想【解答】1.most考查最高级.根据oneofthe…popularplaces可知填最高级修饰名词,popular的最高级是mostpopular,句意:最受欢迎的地方之一是喜马拉雅山.故答案是most2.run考查一般现在时.根据上下文结合语境可知是一般现在时,主语TheHimalayas复数,动词用原形,句意:喜马拉雅山脉位于中国西南部.故答案是run3.It考查代词.根据…is8,844.43metershigh可知空格处指的是Qomolangma,用it代替,句意:它8844.43米高.故答案是It4.dangerous考查形容词.very修饰形容词,danger名词,危险,dangerous形容词,危险的,结合所给词可知句意:所以爬山很危险.故答案是dangerous5.reached考查一般过去时.根据in1960用一般过去时,结合所给词可知句意:第一支中国队在1960年登上顶峰.故答案是reached6.the考查冠词.根据…firstwomantosucceedwasJunkoTaibei可知填定冠词the,序数词first前通常用the,句意:而第一位成功的女性是日本的JunkoTaibei在1975年登上登峰,故答案是the7.reasons考查名词复数.oneofthe+adj+复数名词,句意:其中一个主要原因是面对困难时人们想挑战自己.故答案是reasons8.intheface考查短语.根据上下文可知句意:其中一个主要原因是面对困难时人们想挑战自己.inthefaceof面对,故答案是inthefaceof9.trying考查动名词.giveupdoingsth放弃做某事,结合所给词可知句意:我们不应该放弃努力实现梦想.故答案是trying10.maybe考查情态动词.根据Italsoshowsthathumans…strongerthantheforcesofnatureinsomesituations,结合所给词可知句意:它还表明,在某种环境下人类可能比自然的力量更强大,maybe可能是,情态动词后跟动词原形,故答案是maybe【点评】语法填空题要根据上下文语境,运用语法和词汇知识,反复推敲以求得解答.对于同义词和近义词的选项,在充分考虑到上下文具体语境下特别注意这些同义词和近义词搭配.本文主要考查了动词、名词、形容词、副词等,需要考生弄懂上下文的语境.第二节根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每个空格填一个单词.(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)10.(2分)但是,说实在的,现在他已经有一段时间没玩了.…but,tobehonest,hehasnotplayedforawhilenow.【分析】but,tobehonest,hehasnotplayedforawhilenow.【解答】tobehonest,说实在的,插入语故答案是tohonest,he【点评】解答此类题型时,需要学生根据句意、时态和固定搭配等按题目要求作答.11.(2分)我们在新的旅行启程之际,不应忘了我们来自何处.Aswesetoffonournewjourney,weshouldn'tforgetwherewecamefrom.【分析】Aswesetoffonournewjourney,weshouldn'tforgetwherewecamefrom.【解答】setoff出发,根据主句的时态可知从句用一般现在时故答案是setoff【点评】此题考查汉译英,在熟知每个汉语的英语翻译的基础上,根据语法结构,组合句子,便可得出正确答案.12.(2分)汤姆跟他爸爸聊聊这个问题,他就已经解决了问题的一半.Tom'shalfwaytosolvingaproblemjustbytalkingtohisfatheraboutit!【分析】Tom'shalfwaytosolvingaproblemjustbytalkingtohisfatheraboutit!【解答】behalfwaytodoingsth做某事做到一半,介词to后跟动名词solving故答案是tosolving【点评】此题考查汉译英,在熟知每个汉语的英语翻译的基础上,根据语法结构,组合句子,便可得出正确答案.13.(2分)咱们午饭吃水饺吧.你看可以吗?Let'seatdumplingsforlunch.IsthisOKwithyou?【分析】Let'seatdumplingsforlunch.IsthisOKwithyou?【解答】beOKwithsb对某人来说可以故答案是OKwith【点评】此题考查汉译英,在熟知每个汉语的英语翻译的基础上,根据语法结构,组合句子,便可得出正确答案.14.(2分)后来我姐姐告诉我蛇能够感到东西在移动.Mysistertoldmelaterthatsnakescanfeelthingsmoving.【分析】Mysistertoldmelaterthatsnakescanfeelthingsmoving.【解答】feel…doingsth感觉……在做某事,情态动词can后跟动词原形故答案是feel,moving【点评】此题考查汉译英,在熟知每个汉语的英语翻译的基础上,根据语法结构,组合句子,便可得出正确答案.第四部分写作(共2题,满分15分)15.(15分)第一节大意总结读下面关于鲨鱼的文章,请根据问题提示,尽可能用自己的话写出大意总结,词数不少于60,不多于80词.注意:在文章后标清你写的字数.Manyhaveheardofsharkfinsoup.ThisfamousandexpensivedishisespeciallypopularinsouthernChina.Butdoyourealizethatyou'rekillingawholesharkeachtimeyouenjoyabowlofsharkfinsoup?Whenpeoplecatchsharks,theycutofftheirfinsandthrowthesharksbackintotheocean.Thisisnotonlycruel,butalsoharmfultotheenvironment.Withoutafin,asharkcannolongerswimandslowlydies.Sharksareatthetopofthefoodchainintheocean'secosystem.Iftheirnumbersdroptoolow,itwillbringdangertoalloceanlife.Manybelievethatsharkscanneverbeendangeredbecausetheyarethestrongestintheirfoodchain.Butinfact,around70millionsharksarecaughtandtradedinthisindustryeveryyear.Thenumbersofsomekindsofsharkshavefallenbyover90percentinthelast20to30years.Environmentalprotectiongroupsaroundtheworld,suchasWildAidandtheWWF,areteachingthepublicabout"finning".Theyhaveevenaskedgovernmentstodeveloplawstostopthesaleofsharkfins.Sofar,noscientificstudieshaveshownthatshark'sfinsaregoodforhealth,sowhyeatthem?Helpsavethesharks!(1)Dosouthernersliketoeatsharkfinsoup?Why?(because)Yes,theydo.Becausetheythinkitisgoodforhealth.(2)Isgettingthesharkfinveryfriendly?(but)Howdopeoplegetthesharkfin?(and)No.itisn't.It'scruel.Peoplecatchsharksandcutofftheirfins.(3)Whydosharkswithoutfinsslowlydieaftertheyarethrownbackintotheocean?(because)Becausetheycan'tswim.(4)Iftherearefewerandfewersharks,whatwillhappentotheenvironment?Itwillbringdangertoalloceanlife.(5)Doestheauthorsaynotoeatingsharkfinsoup?Doestheauthorwantpeopletoprotectthesharks?(and)Yes.hedoes.【分析】很多人都听说过鱼翅汤.这个著名的且昂贵的菜在中国南方尤其受欢迎.但是你知道吗?每次当你喝一碗鱼翅汤时,你会杀死整个鲨鱼.当人们捕捉鲨鱼,他们切断了它们的鳍,把鲨鱼扔回海里.这不仅是残酷的,但也对环境有害.没有鱼翅,鲨鱼不再能游,慢慢地死去.鲨鱼是海洋中食物链的顶端的生态系统.如果它们的数量下降过低,它将所有的海洋生命带来危险.许多人认为,鲨鱼永远不可能濒临灭绝,因为它们是最强的食物链.但事实上,每年大约有7000万条鲨鱼被抓和交易.在过去的20到30年里,有些种类的鲨鱼的数量下降了超过90%世界各地的环境保护组织,如:野生救援协会和世界自然基金会等,教育公众关于"鱼翅".他们甚至要求政府制定法律来阻止出售鱼翅.到目前为止,还没有科学研究表明,鲨鱼鳍有益健康,为什么吃?帮助拯救鲨鱼!【解答】1.Yes,theydo.Becausetheythinkitisgoodforhealth.推理判断题.根据ThisfamousandexpensivedishisespeciallypopularinsouthernChina.可知中国南方人喜欢吃鱼翅汤.根据Sofar,noscientificstudieshaveshownthatshark'sfinsaregoodforhealth,sowhyeatthem?可知,人们喜欢鱼翅羹是因为他们认为这个对健康有好处.故答案为:Yes,theydo.Becausetheythinkitisgoodforhealth.2.No,Itisn't.It'scruel.Peoplecatchsharksandcutofftheirfins.细节理解题.根据Thisisnotonlycruel,butalsoharmfultotheenvironment.可知得到鲨鱼翅的过程是很残忍的.根据Whenpeoplecatchsharks,theycutofftheirfinsandthrowthesharksbackintotheocean.可知,人们抓到鲨鱼后,把鱼翅切下来.故答案为:No,Itisn't.It'scruel.Peoplecatchsharksandcutofftheirfins3.Becausetheycan'tswim.细节理解题.根据Withoutafin,asharkcannolongerswimandslowlydies.可知没有鱼翅的话,鲨鱼不会游了,所以会死掉.故答案为:Becausetheycan'tswim.4.Itwillbringdangertoalloceanlife.细节理解题.根据Iftheirnumbersdroptoolow,itwillbringdangertoalloceanlife.可知,如果鲨鱼越来越少的话,会对所有海洋生命造成危险.故答案为:Itwillbringdangertoalloceanlife.5.Yes,hedoes.细节理解题.根据sowhyeatthem?Helpsavethesharks!以及全文可知,作者认为吃鱼翅羹是不好的,建议大家不要吃,要保护鲨鱼.故答案为:Yes,hedoes.文章大意:Thesouthernersliketoeatsharkfinsoupbecausetheythinkshark'sfinsaregoodforhealth.Butgettingthesharkfiniscruel.Peoplecatchsharksandcutofftheirfins.Sharkswithoutfinsslowlydieaftertheyarethrownbackintotheoceanbecausetheycan'tswim.Iftherearefewerandfewersharks,it'llbeharmfultotheenvironment.Theauthorsaysnotoeatingsharkfinsoupandwantspeopletoprotectthesharks.(78words)【点评】做题时首先对原文材料迅速浏览,掌握全文的主旨大意.其次,细读题材,各个击破.掌握全文的大意之后,细细阅读材料后的问题,弄清每题要求后,带着问题,再回到原文中去寻找、捕获有关信息.第二节书面表达(共1题,满分20分)16.(20分)Writeareview(评论)ofthefollowingstoryinabout120words.Thereviewhastoincludethefollowingpoints.(阅读下面的故事,请根据下面的提示,写出一篇约120词的评论).(1)Thetitleofyourreview.(你撰写的评论的标题.)(2)Youridea(s),examplesandthereason(s)forunhappinessandhappinessinthestory.(你归纳的关于故事中幸福和不幸福的观点,举例子并说明原因.)(3)Youridea(s)ofhappiness,examplesforhappinessinyourdailylife.(归纳你在日常生活中关于幸福的观点,并举例说明.)(4)Yourconclusionabouthappiness.(关于幸福的结论.)(5)Thewordsyoumayuse.(你可能用到的词)besatisfiedwith(对……满意)desiren.欲望contentment知足thekey(关键)tohappiness.Alongtimeago,inarichandbeautifulcountry,therelivedanunhappyking.Hesleptbadlyanddidn'tfeellikeeating.Heoftencriedfornoreason.Thismadethequeenandhispeopleworried.Sotheycalledadoctortoexaminehim.Buthefoundnothingwrongwithhisbody.Hesaidwhatthekingneededwastheshirtofahappypersontowear.Thatwouldmakehimhappy.Theprimeministerwascalledtothepalace.Butwhentheyexplainedtheking'ssituationtohim,hesaid,"AlthoughIhavealotofpower,itdoesn'tmakemehappy.I'malwaysworriedaboutlosingmypower."Thentheking'sbankercametosay,I'mafraidI'mnothappyeither.Ihavealotofwealth,butI'malwaysworriedaboutlosingmoney.Someonetriestostealmymoney.Next,thepalacesingerwascalledtosay,"I'mfamousbutI'mnothappybecauseI'mworriedaboutbeingfollowedbyothers.Ican'tbefree."Finally,thetopgeneralwastoldtogoouttofindahappyman.Hesearchedandsearchedbutcouldn'tfindanyone.Everyoneseemedtohavetheirownproblems,andnoonewastrulyhappy.Justashewantedtogiveup.hesawapoormanonthestreet.Hewaseatingwithhishandsandsinginghappilytohimself.Thegeneralwenttohimandsaid,"Whatmakesyousohappy?Youhavenopower,money,orfame."Themansaid,"IhaveeverythingIwant.andIdon'twantwhatIcan'thave.SoI'mhappy,andmysongcomesfromthehappinessinmyheart.""Canyougiveyourshirttome,Ineedit,"saidthegeneral."Whatshirt?Idon'thaveanyshirts."answeredtheman.【分析】高分句型一Forexample,therichpeoplewereunhappy,becausetheyareafraidoflosingmoney,whilethepoorpeoplewastrulyhappybecausehewassatisfiedwithwhathecouldhave.例如,有钱人会不开心,因为他们怕失去他们的钱,然而穷人是真的开心因为他满足他所拥有的.beafraidof害怕…besatisfiedwith对…满足高分句型二Allinall,don'tthinkaboutwhatyoucan'thave.总的来说,别去想你没有的.allinall,总的来说【解答】MyThoughtsaboutHappinessPower,wealth,andfamecan'talwaysmakepeoplehappy.Forexample,therichpeoplewereunhappy,becausetheyareafraidoflosingmoney,whilethepoorpeoplewastrulyhappybecausehewassatisfiedwithwhathecouldhave.(高分句型一)Whatcanalwaysmakemehappy?HapinessisalwaysinmyheartandiseasytofindifIpaymoreattentiontowhatIhave.Forinstance,enjoyingthebeautifulsunshineafteracloudyday,gettingaglassofwaterfrommotherwhenIamstudying,gettinghelpfrommyfriendswhenIamintroubleandsoon.(举例子)ThesearethemomentswhenIamhappy.Allinall,don'tthinkaboutwhatyoucan'thave(高分句型二).Contentmentisthekeytohappiness.【点评】本题写作要紧扣主题,根据事实写出自己感受.灵活运用平时学习的句子和句型. 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山东省枣庄市2019年中考英语试题含试卷分析答题技巧
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山东省枣庄市2019年中考英语试题含试卷分析答题技巧

常见介词用法-介词短语做什么成分-介词短语的构成

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过去完成进行时用法-过去完成进行时与过去完成时比

动名词用法-动名词的结构和形式-动名词与现在分词
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